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What Do Nurses and Careers in Portugal Wish and Need from a Digital Intelligent Assistant for Nursing Applications

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Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST,volume 401)

Abstract

Cognitive disorders (CD) are challenges in healthcare and present a looming threat to the financial and social systems of most countries. There are nearly 10 million new dementia cases every year and this has a physical and psychological impact on their nurses and carers. To soften this burden, the DIANA Project (AAL Programme and FCT) is developing a solution composed of smart 3D sensors, an open management platform, and a mobile application to fulfil several functionalities such as: monitoring patient safety 24/7 (e.g., unusual behaviour, falls), support activities of daily living (e.g., toileting) and observe health trends of patients (e.g., fluid intake, changed behavioural patterns). To better understand the secondary end-users’ needs and preferences regarding a solution of this kind, we applied a user-centred approach, to gather information from a questionnaire to retrieve the initial requirements of this solution. This outcome was combined with a literature review on the state-of-the-art projects in this field and the care for patients living with CD. As a result, the responses from 54 Portuguese nurses and carers were analysed regarding the establishment of a first set of functional requirements to the DIANA project, as well as the definition of use cases and personas to study. The results show that the three most important advantages of DIANA in Portugal would be assistance in nursing care, social interaction, and falls/mobility detection.

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Cognitive disorders
  • Nurses
  • Carers

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Link to online questionnaire: https://redcap.link/51uki44z.

References

  1. Alzheimer’s Disease International. https://www.alzint.org/about/dementia-facts-figures/dementia-statistics/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  2. Alzheimer Europe: Dementia in Europe Yearbook 2019: Estimating the prevalence of dementia in Europe. Alzheimer Europe, Luxembourg (2019)

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  3. Alzheimer’s Disease International, World Alzheimer Report 2015, The Global Impact of Dementia, an analysis of prevalence, incidence, cost and trends. Accessed 02 Aug 2021

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  4. An Alzheimer’s Disease International. https://www.alzint.org/about/dementia-facts-figures/dementia-statistics/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  5. Interaction Design Foundation Homepage. https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/topics/user-centered-design. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  6. AAL. http://www.aal-europe.eu/ageing-well-universe/i-am-a-user-2/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  7. Ordem dos Enfermeiros da Região Centro. https://www.ordemenfermeiros.pt/centro/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  8. REDcap. https://www.project-redcap.org/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  9. CORDIS EU. https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/116020. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  10. ICT4life. https://www.ict4life.com/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  11. Toilet4me. http://www.toilet4me-project.eu/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  12. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/alzheimers-disease-nursing-care-plans/6/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  13. WHO. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/falls. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

  14. DIANA. http://www.aal-europe.eu/projects/diana/. Accessed 28 Apr 2021

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the Diana project, funded by AAL (Active Assisted Living – ICT for Ageing, 2017) and in Portugal by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia.

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Correspondence to Ana Filipa Leandro .

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Machado, N. et al. (2021). What Do Nurses and Careers in Portugal Wish and Need from a Digital Intelligent Assistant for Nursing Applications. In: Pires, I.M., Spinsante, S., Zdravevski, E., Lameski, P. (eds) Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good. GOODTECHS 2021. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 401. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91421-9_22

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91421-9_22

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