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A Systematic Review of Older Drivers in a Level 3 Autonomous Vehicle: A Cognitive Load Perspective

Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1493)


With current advancement in technology, it is expected and hoped that even a conditional or level 3 (L3) autonomous vehicle could alleviate older adults’ mobility issues. These conditional or level 3 autonomous vehicles allow the driver to engage in non-driving task (NDRT), but, it can request the driver to assume control of the vehicle via ‘Takeover request’ when it has reached its operational limits. Considering this could be a challenging for older drivers with their declined cognitive, perceptual, and motor capacities. A systematic review has been conducted to produce literature on their issues in a L3 autonomous vehicle. This review mainly focuses on older drivers’ challenges, perception of workload in AVs and takeover performance. This review is hoped to provide relevant literature on the subject and may help researchers improve and pursue research gaps identified in this paper.


  • Older drivers
  • Level 3 autonomous vehicles
  • Takeover request
  • Workload

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This work was conducted with the financial support of the Science Foundation Ireland Centre for Research Training in Digitally-Enhanced Reality (d-real) under Grant No. 18/CRT/6224.

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Correspondence to Bilal Alam Khan .

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A Appendix

A Appendix

Table 3. Table of different acronyms used in this paper

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Khan, B.A., Leva, M.C., Cromie, S. (2021). A Systematic Review of Older Drivers in a Level 3 Autonomous Vehicle: A Cognitive Load Perspective. In: Longo, L., Leva, M.C. (eds) Human Mental Workload: Models and Applications. H-WORKLOAD 2021. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1493. Springer, Cham.

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