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Care of the Newborn

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Abstract

The newborn’s diagnostic laboratory tests are important in predicting clinical outcomes. The clinician evaluates diagnostic laboratory tests recognizing that early recognition, treatment, and management can prevent morbidity and mortality. The first part of the chapter will discuss. Newborn screening (NBS) will complete the chapter as it is a public health program designed to detect asymptomatic, treatable conditions early in a child’s life. The section on NBS provides an overview of the screening process, lab methodology, medical conditions recommended for NBS, considerations affecting results, and ethical issues. The role of genetic testing to confirm a diagnosis rapidly will be discussed in the chapter on genetics. The middle section will discuss common newborn tests and their differential diagnosis. The final section will discuss congenital infections and their evaluations. Algorithms for evaluating a newborn with a possible congenital infection are included. Chagas disease is reviewed as it is an underdiagnosed infection in the neonate.

Keywords

  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn
  • Hyperbilirubinemia
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Herpes simplex infection
  • Zika virus infection
  • Congenital hepatitis B and C infection
  • Newborn screening
  • Recommended Uniform Screening Panel
  • Public health program
  • Dried blood spot

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-90642-9_3
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Fig. 3.1
Fig. 3.2

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John, R.M., Gyura, A.N., Harrison, E.R., Salveson, B. (2022). Care of the Newborn. In: John, R.M. (eds) Pediatric Diagnostic Labs for Primary Care: An Evidence-based Approach. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-90642-9_3

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