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Virtual Guia Fortress: A 3D-printed eXtended Reality Playset

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNISA,volume 13056)


This paper reports a work-in-progress that explores the use of 3D-printing for marker-based Tangible User Interfaces for use with smartphone-based eXtended Reality experiences. We have explored several ways to 3D-print matrix markers that are re-configurable so that the underlying values can change with user interaction. We have also applied 3D-printed markers to the development of a modular playset for exploring the Guia Fortress cultural heritage site in Macau SAR, China. We report some of the explorations of 3D-printed markers and describe the Virtual Guia Fortress playset.


  • 3D-printing
  • Tangible User Interface
  • Virtual reality
  • Augmented reality
  • Mixed reality

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-89394-1_28
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Correspondence to Jorge C. S. Cardoso .

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Chau, I.F., Cardoso, J.C.S., Estadieu, G. (2021). Virtual Guia Fortress: A 3D-printed eXtended Reality Playset. In: Baalsrud Hauge, J., C. S. Cardoso, J., Roque, L., Gonzalez-Calero, P.A. (eds) Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2021. ICEC 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 13056. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-89393-4

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