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Postcolonial Transitions and Recent Political History

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East Africa’s Human Environment Interactions
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Abstract

This chapter charts the postcolonial transitions and recent political history while outlining the different development histories that have taken place in the region: from African socialism (Tanzania) to capitalism (Kenya). The charismatic leaders that took East Africa out of the colonial era (Jomo Kenyatta, Julius Nyere, and Idi Amin) with such hope, expectation, and the ensuing missed opportunity will be presented along with their defining policies. The chapter explores the past 50 years by focusing on events such as the mass eviction of Asian communities during the 1970s in Uganda and more contemporary issues such as the post-election violence of Kenya in 2009, the ensuing new constitution in Kenya, and the increasing rise of power at the local level for local issues. In addition, the chapter will consider the socio-economic changes within East Africa such as the emergence of large cities, and the implications of transitioning from a large rural population to a growing urban population. Alongside these demographic transitions the changing international relationships; growth of devolved conservation initiatives and current development trajectories will be presented.

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Marchant, R. (2021). Postcolonial Transitions and Recent Political History. In: East Africa’s Human Environment Interactions. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-88987-6_6

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