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Multipath TLS 1.3

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNSC,volume 12973)


In a multipath key exchange protocol (Costea et al., CCS’18) the parties communicate over multiple connection lines, implemented for example with the multipath extension of TCP. Costea et al. show that, if one assumes that an adversary cannot attack all communication paths in an active and synchronized way, then one can securely establish a shared key under mild cryptographic assumptions. This holds even if classical authentication methods like certificate-based signatures fail. They show how to slightly modify TLS to achieve this security level.

Here we discuss that the multipath security can also be achieved for TLS 1.3 without having to modify the crypto part of protocol at all. To this end one runs a regular handshake over one communication path and then a key update (or resumption) over the other path. We show that this already provides the desired security guarantees. At the same time, if only a single communication path is available, then one obtains the basic security properties of TLS 1.3 as a fall back guarantee.

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We thank the anonymous reviewers for valuable comments. Marc Fischlin has been [co-]funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) – SFB 1119 – 236615297.

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Correspondence to Marc Fischlin .

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A Transport Layer Security

A Transport Layer Security

Figure 4 depicts the basic TLS 1.3 anonymous (EC)DHE handshakes including the essential steps of the Diffie–Hellman-based key derivation. The key update step has already been explained in Sect. 2.2. A session resumption is similar to the handshake but adds some additional steps. It requires the server to have issued a ticket to the client containing a nonce and identifying information which are used for the resumption handshake. The client uses an additional extension \(\mathtt {ClientPreSharedKey}\) in the first message to indicate potential identifiers. The server acknowledges one in its \(\mathtt {ServerPreSharedKey}\) extension with the second message. The parties then use the resumption secret \(RMS\) from before to compute a pre-shared key \(PSK\), which this time enters the computation \(ES\leftarrow \mathsf {HKDF}.\mathsf {Extract}(\texttt {"\!\!"},PSK)\). They also derive a binder key \(BK\) which is used to verify the key. From there on the steps are identical to the one of a handshake execution. We note that resumption can be executed with and without the Diffie-Hellman step.

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Fischlin, M., Müller, SA., Münch, JP., Porth, L. (2021). Multipath TLS 1.3. In: Bertino, E., Shulman, H., Waidner, M. (eds) Computer Security – ESORICS 2021. ESORICS 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12973. Springer, Cham.

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