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Adversarial Bayesian Optimization for Quantifying Motion Artifact Within MRI

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Predictive Intelligence in Medicine (PRIME 2021)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNIP,volume 12928))

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Subject motion during an MRI sequence can cause ghosting effects or diffuse image noise in the phase-encoding direction and hence is likely to bias findings in neuroimaging studies. Detecting motion artifacts often relies on experts visually inspecting MRIs, which is subjective and expensive. To improve this detection, we develop a framework to automatically quantify the severity of motion artifact within a brain MRI. We formulate this task as a regression problem and train the regressor from a data set of MRIs with various amounts of motion artifacts. To resolve the issue of missing fine-grained ground-truth labels (level of artifacts), we propose Adversarial Bayesian Optimization (ABO) to infer the distribution of motion parameters (i.e., rotation and translation) underlying the acquired MRI data and then inject synthetic motion artifacts sampled from that estimated distribution into motion-free MRIs. After training the regressor on the synthetic data, we applied the model to quantify the motion level in 990 MRIs collected by the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence. Results show that the motion level derived by our approach is more reliable than the traditional metric based on Entropy Focus Criterion and manually defined binary labels.

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This research was supported in part by NIH U24 AA021697, MH119022, and Stanford HAI AWS Cloud Credit. The data were part of the public NCANDA data release NCANDA_PUBLIC_BASE_STRUCTURAL_V01 [15], whose collection and distribution were supported by NIH funding AA021697, AA021695, AA021692, AA021696, AA021681, AA021690, and AA02169.

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Correspondence to Qingyu Zhao .

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Butskova, A., Juhl, R., Zukić, D., Chaudhary, A., Pohl, K.M., Zhao, Q. (2021). Adversarial Bayesian Optimization for Quantifying Motion Artifact Within MRI. In: Rekik, I., Adeli, E., Park, S.H., Schnabel, J. (eds) Predictive Intelligence in Medicine. PRIME 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12928. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-87601-2

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