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Global Change Effects on Plankton from Atlantic Patagonian Coastal Waters: The Role of Interacting Drivers

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Part of the Natural and Social Sciences of Patagonia book series (NSSP)

Abstract

The coastal Atlantic area of Patagonia has a marked variability in physicochemical and biological properties. It is already affected by global change, as evidenced in historical patterns of environmental drivers and in direct anthropogenic influences. Here we focus on the effects of global change on plankton, mostly on phytoplankton, which constitute the base of this highly productive ecosystem. The short-term impacts range from an inhibition of primary productivity, with solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) as the dominant driver, to an enhancement mainly caused by increased inputs of nutrients. Most studies evaluated the individual responses of bacterio-, phyto-, and meroplankton to solar UVR, while a few others have assessed the spatial distribution of zooplankton in relation to anthropogenic influence. Long-term effects of global change drivers (e.g., antagonistic or synergistic) include taxonomic changes of the communities toward those dominated by potential mixo−/heterotrophic nanoflagellates, which may alter the atmosphere-sea exchange and the sequestration of CO2. The interaction of phytoplankton – heterotrophs – can affect the overall response to the global change of plankton food webs mainly by cascading effects, and very few studies have considered trophic interactions. Multi-trophic experiments are needed to improve our understanding of the impact of global change on the coastal plankton of Patagonia.

Keywords

  • Bacterioplankton
  • Meroplankton
  • Phytoplankton
  • Primary productivity
  • Ultraviolet radiation
  • Zooplankton

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Change history

  • 01 June 2022

    This book was inadvertently published with errors and the same has now been updated.

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Acknowledgments

We thank the comments and suggestions of two anonymous reviewers that helped us to improve this manuscript. This work was supported by Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) (PICT 2015-0462), and Fundación Playa Unión. MJC was supported by Juan de la Cierva-Formación (FJCI2017-32318) and Incorporación (IJC2019-040850-I) contracts from Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades of Spanish government. This is Contribution No. 189 of Estación de Fotobiología Playa Unión.

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Villafañe, V.E. et al. (2022). Global Change Effects on Plankton from Atlantic Patagonian Coastal Waters: The Role of Interacting Drivers. In: Helbling, E.W., Narvarte, M.A., González, R.A., Villafañe, V.E. (eds) Global Change in Atlantic Coastal Patagonian Ecosystems. Natural and Social Sciences of Patagonia. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86676-1_6

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