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Global Change Effects on Biological Interactions: Nutrient Inputs, Invasive Species, and Multiple Drivers Shape Marine Patagonian Communities

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Part of the Natural and Social Sciences of Patagonia book series (NSSP)

Abstract

Species are connected with others via trophic and non-trophic relationships; thus any effect of global change (GC) on one species may consequently impact others by changing the direction and/or the strength of biological interactions. In this chapter, we explore through study cases how GC drivers may affect the composition and structure of marine Patagonian communities by changing positive and/or negative interactions. Examples include impacts of increase in nutrient inputs, invasive species, and multiple GC drivers. Eutrophication enhances growth rates, increases biomass, changes nutritional quality, and generates shifts in species composition of primary producers, which indirectly affect consumers. In general, positive interactions (e.g., facilitation) between sessile invasive species and native ones are more frequently documented than interference processes. Multiple GC drivers may benefit some species and harm others by modifying simultaneously bottom-up and top-down processes. Finally, we point out some current research gaps and provide perspectives for future investigation in order to achieve the best ecological approach to understand how marine ecosystems as a whole are facing GC in Patagonia.

Keywords

  • Bottom-up and top-down processes
  • Coastal areas
  • Facilitation
  • Indirect effects
  • Positive and negative interactions

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Change history

  • 01 June 2022

    This book was inadvertently published with errors and the same has now been updated.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica-ANPCyT (PICT 2017-0411), and Fundación Playa Unión. This is Contribution N° 191 of Estación de Fotobiología Playa Unión.

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Valiñas, M.S., Blum, R., Galván, D.E., Varisco, M., Martinetto, P. (2022). Global Change Effects on Biological Interactions: Nutrient Inputs, Invasive Species, and Multiple Drivers Shape Marine Patagonian Communities. In: Helbling, E.W., Narvarte, M.A., González, R.A., Villafañe, V.E. (eds) Global Change in Atlantic Coastal Patagonian Ecosystems. Natural and Social Sciences of Patagonia. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86676-1_12

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