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The Challenges of the Higher Education Sector. The Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on the Educational Process—Case of Romania

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Abstract

The education system represents one of the major pillars for society development. Its structure and functionality have direct impact on the evolution of all fields of activity, bringing direct and multiplied effects. From this perspective, the COVID-19 pandemic triggered a wide range of events that major influenced the characteristics of the educational process. The educational organizations fought to continue to provide a quality education under the new conditions at the same time with preventing the spread of coronavirus. This paper aims to reveal the challenges that higher education faced during the pandemic times, with a special focus on the students as part of the educational community. The paper is structured in four parts, introducing the pandemic context, emphasizing the specific elements of higher education under the impact of COVID-19, presenting the results of a particular research dedicated to the perception of students from Bucharest University of Economic Studies (BUES) regarding the implications generated by COVID-19 pandemic on the educational process and conclusion and recommendations. The methodology used was based on statistical survey addressed to the BUES students as relevant stakeholders of the university community. The sample was designed by using the “snowball sampling” method, and 369 respondents provided their opinions on the topics. The results obtained are valuable as the higher education institutions can design, based on the needs of various stakeholders and a strong communication process, innovative educational strategies that are adapted to this dynamic and unpredictable environment, but also contributing to a more modern and effective educational system able to fulfill its mission to the society.

Keywords

  • Higher education institutions
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Students’ perceptions

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-86641-9_3
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Fig. 1

Source Eurostat, 2020

Fig. 2

Source Eurostat, 2020

Fig. 3

Source Authors’ processing based on statistical data, National Council for Financing Higher Education, Romania, 2020

Fig. 4

Source Authors’ processing based on statistical data, National Council for Financing Higher Education, Romania, 2020

Fig. 5

Source Authors’ processing based on statistical data, National Council for Financing Higher Education, Romania, 2020

Fig. 6

Source Authors’ processing based on statistical data, National Council for Financing Higher Education, Romania, 2020

Fig. 7

Source Authors’ processing based on statistical data, National Council for Financing Higher Education, Romania, 2020

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Correspondence to Dima Mihaela Alina .

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Appendix: Demographic Distribution of Respondents

Appendix: Demographic Distribution of Respondents

See the Tables 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Table 2 Sample structure according to respondents’ gender
Table 3 Level of education
Table 4 Distribution of respondents by domicile u
Table 5 Distribution of respondents according to residence during the teaching activities in the context of the restrictions imposed by the pandemic

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Alina, D.M., Miguel, F.L., Marian, N., Mihail, B., Vanesa, V.M. (2021). The Challenges of the Higher Education Sector. The Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on the Educational Process—Case of Romania. In: Dima, A.M., Anghel, I., Dobrea, R.C. (eds) Economic Recovery After COVID-19. Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86641-9_3

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