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Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Water Distribution, Sanitation, Waste Management, Decontamination Activities Sector

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Abstract

The global problem of mankind, for more than a year, is the epidemic of coronavirus, which forces the authorities to take unprecedented measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19 virus. During this period, all sectors of the economy are affected, more or less. In this paper, we aim to analyse the water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities before the pandemic (2008?2018), but especially during the pandemic, in order to develop economic and social measures. In order to achieve the objectives, the results of the questionnaire launched online, between May and June 2020, will be analysed.

The elaboration of the set of measures for this economic sector will be carried out taking into account the extraordinarily abrupt dynamics from day to day of the data on the spread of infections, doubled by the actions of the authorities for isolating the population at home and implicitly the severe restriction of economic activities, which makes the set of measures proposed at the end of this paper to give resilience to this economic sector.

Keywords

  • Effects
  • Waste
  • Sanitation
  • Resilience
  • Analysis
  • Economic and social measures

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Correspondence to Florescu Margareta Stela .

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Annex

Annex

1. What category of stakeholders do you belong to?
(a) sanitation service operators 4 1.4%
(b) operators of drinking water distribution services 7 2.4%
(c) population 277 96.2%
  288 100.0%
2. What do you think about the effectiveness of the waste management system during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) not very good 97 33.7%
(b) good 180 62.5%
(c) very good 11 3.8%
  288 100.0%
3. What do you think of the current price/quality ratio of waste collection services?
(a) large 51 17.7%
(b) medium 219 76.0%
(c) small 18 6.3%
  288 100.0%
4. Could the differentiation of tariffs for selective waste collection lead to an increase in recycling during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) yes, in an insignificant percentage 98 34.0%
(b) no 65 22.6%
(c) yes, in a significant percentage 125 43.4%
  288 100.0%
5. What do you think is the degree to which the current waste management system ensures the protection of the environment and the health of the population?
(a) low 129 44.8%
(b) medium 140 48.6%
(c) high 19 6.6%
  288 100.0%
6. Do you consider that the implementation of an integrated waste management system (selective collection, sorting, composting and controlled storage) will contribute to improving the quality of the environment?
(a) yes 263 91.3%
(b) no 10 3.5%
(c) I don't know/I didn't think 15 5.2%
  288 100.0%
7. Do you consider that the sanitation services in the county will be efficient with the implementation of the new system?
(a) yes 210 72.9%
(b) no 18 6.3%
(c) I don't know/I didn't think 60 20.8%
  288 100.0%
8. Do you consider that a sustained information campaign among the population is useful for the successful implementation of the integrated waste management system, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) yes 246 85.4%
(b) no 18 6.3%
(c) I don't know/I didn't think 24 8.3%
  288 100.0%
9. If your answer is yes, which institutions do you think should be involved?
(a) Environmental Protection Agency 213 74.0
(b) The school 33 11.5
(c) Environmental Guard 42 14.6
  288 100
10. How does the Covid-19 pandemic affect the water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities sector?
(a) directly by increasing the amount of waste and the high degree of contamination 127 44.1
(b) indirectly, by increasing the tariffs for sanitation services 62 21.5
(c) cumulatively 99 34.4
  288 100
11. Do you know the content of a River Basin Management Plan?
(a) yes 17 5.9%
(b) no 75 60.8%
(c) I will be interested 96 33.3%
  288 100.0%
12. What specific measures under a basin management plan do you consider to be a priority during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) ecological measures 177 61.5%
(b) social measures 48 16.7%
(c) economic measures 63 21.9%
  288 100.0%
13. Do you agree with the estimated costs of the water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) yes 69 24.0%
(b) no 72 25.0%
(c) I don't know 147 51.0%
  288 100,0%
14. Can you identify other sources of funding for the implementation of additional measures imposed during the Covid-19 pandemic period in the water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities?
(a) yes 88 30.6%
(b) no 102 35.4%
(c) in an insignificant percentage 98 34.0%
  288 100.0%
15. Do you think it is important to be informed and consulted about the additional measures taken during the pandemic in the water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities?
(a) yes 252 87.5%
(b) no 12 4.2%
(c) I don't know 24 8.3%
  288 100.0%
16. Do you consider that there is available and sufficient information for the population during the pandemic related to the analysed sector?
(a) yes 61 21.2%
(b) no 106 36.8%
(c) too little, insignificant 121 42.0%
  288 100.0%
17. What information methods do you prefer and find most effective for your active involvement in environmental issues during the Covid-19 pandemic?
(a) Website 199 69.1%
(b) brochures/leaflets 33 11.5%
(c) e-mail 56 19.4%
  288 100.0%
18. What is the respondent's highest level of education?
(a) high school studies 123 42.7%
(b) university studies 112 38.9%
(c) master studies 53 18.4%
  288 100.0%
19. What is your age?
18–35 years old 251 87.2%
36–50 years 29 10.1%
51–65 years old 7 2.4%
over 65 years 1 0.3%
  288 100.0%
20. What is your environment of residence?
(a) rural 90 31.3%
(b) urban 194 67.4%
(c) I prefer not to answer 4 1.4%
  288 100.0%

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Stela, F.M., Floretina, C.R., Lenuta, T.C. (2021). Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Water Distribution, Sanitation, Waste Management, Decontamination Activities Sector. In: Dima, A.M., Anghel, I., Dobrea, R.C. (eds) Economic Recovery After COVID-19. Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86641-9_14

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