Skip to main content

Iberian Ships of the Early Modern Period

  • 117 Accesses

Abstract

At the cultural convergence of three different worlds, the Atlantic, the Baltic, and the Mediterranean, Spain, and Portugal played an important role in the Renaissance technical revolution. Both countries developed new types of watercraft during this period and adopted new navigation techniques that allowed them to venture further away from the Iberian Peninsula. Thousands of books have been written about the Renaissance and the European expansion, but the ships that made the European voyages possible are still largely unknown to us. This short chapter is a contribution to a better understanding of the origins of Iberian shipbuilding traditions.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-86460-6_4
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-86460-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 4.1

Change history

  • 01 January 2022

    A correction has been published.

References

  • Alonso Romero F (1991) Traditional clinker and carvel techniques in the northwest of Spain. In: Reinder R, Kees P (eds) Carvel construction technique. Skeleton-first, Shell-first, Fifth international symposium on boat and ship archaeology, Amsterdam, vol 1988. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp 103–111

    Google Scholar 

  • Alves F, BLot MLP, Rodrigues PJ et al (2005) Vestígios de naufrágios da antiguidade e da época medieval em águas portuguesas. Comunicações ao Congresso do Mar, In

    Google Scholar 

  • Alves F, Rieth E (2007) As pirogas 4 e 5 do rio Lima

    Google Scholar 

  • Alves FJS (1986) A piroga monóxila de Geraz do Lima. O Arqueólogo Port IV:209–234

    Google Scholar 

  • Anderson RC (1925) Italian naval architecture about 1445. Mar Mirror 11:135–163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00253359.1925.10655310

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Arruda AM (1999) O Algarve no quadro geocultural do Mediterraneo antigo. In: Maria da Graça MM (ed) O Algarve, da Antiguidade aos nossos dias. Lisboa: Ed. Colibri. Colibri, Lisbon, pp 21–22

    Google Scholar 

  • Auer J, Firth A (2007) The ‘Gresham ship’: an interim report on a 16th-century wreck from Princes Channel, Thames estuary. Post-Medieval Archaeol 41:222–241. https://doi.org/10.1179/174581307X318967

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Barkai O, Kahanov Y (2007) The Tantura F shipwreck, Israel. Int J Naut Archaeol 36:21–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2006.00114.x

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Barker R (1998) Sources for Lusitanian shipbuilding. In: Alves F (ed) Proceedings of the international symposium ‘archaeology of medieval and modern ships of Iberian-Atlantic tradition’. Lisbon. Instituto Portugués de Arqueologia, Lisbon, pp 213–228

    Google Scholar 

  • Bellabarba S (1993) The ancient methods of designing hulls. Mar Mirror 79:274–292. https://doi.org/10.1080/00253359.1993.10656457

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bellabarba S (1996) The origins of the ancient methods of designing hulls: a hypothesis. Mar Mirror 82:259–268. https://doi.org/10.1080/00253359.1996.10656602

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Belo M (2003) Águas passadas. Gd Reportagem 14:78–82

    Google Scholar 

  • Blot J-Y, Bombico S (2013) A glimpse into the early Imperial Roman Atlantic trade. Historical and marine context of a ceramic assemblage in a shipwreck at Cortiçais (Peniche, Portugal). Skyllis 13:43–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Bondioli M (2003) The art of designing and building venetian galleys from the 15th to the 16th centuries. In: Beltrame C (ed) Boats, ships and shipyards, Proceedings of the IX international symposium on boat and ship archaeology, Venezia, vol 2000. Università Ca’ Foscari, Venice, pp 222–227

    Google Scholar 

  • Casado Soto JL (1995) El País Vasco y el mar. Desde los orígenes hasta el siglo XVIII. In: Casado Soto JL, Gárate M, Tellechea JI, Pardo J (eds) El País Vasco y el mar a través de la historia. Museo Naval, San Sebastian, pp 17–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Castro F (2006) The Arade 1 shipwreck. A small ship at the mouth of the Arade river, Portugal. In: Blue L, Hocker F, Englert A (eds) Connected by the sea: proceedings of the tenth international symposium on boat and ship archaeology, Denmark 2003. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp 300–305

    Google Scholar 

  • Castro F (2007) Rising and narrowing: 16th-century geometric algorithms used to design the bottom of ships in Portugal. Int J Naut Archaeol 36:148–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2006.00116.x

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ciciliot F (2000) Genoese shipbuilders in Portugal and in Asia (early 16th century). In: Guerreiro I, Contente Domingues F (eds) Fernando Oliveira eo seu tempo. Humanismo e arte de navegar no Renascimento Europeu (1450–1650), Actas da IX Reuniao Internacional de Història da Nàutica e da Hidrografia. Patrimónia, Cascais, pp. 153–161

    Google Scholar 

  • Ciciliot F (1998) Metrologia delle imbarcazioni genovesi medievali e postmedievali. In: Marzari M (ed) Navi di legno. Evoluzione tecnica e sviluppo della catieristica nel Mediterraneo dal XVI secolo a oggi. Grado. LINT Comune di Grado, Grado, pp 27–30

    Google Scholar 

  • Coelho HT, Battelli G (1934) Documentos para o estudo das relações culturais entre Portugal e Itália. Aedibus Alfani and Venturi, Firenze

    Google Scholar 

  • Crumlin-Pedersen O (1991) Ship types and sizes. In: Crumlin-Pedersen O (ed) Aspects of maritime Scandinavia AD 200–1200, Proceedings of the Nordic seminar on maritime aspects of archaeology, Roskilde, 13th–15th march, vol 1989. The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, pp 69–82

    Google Scholar 

  • Darmoul A (1985) Les épaves sarrasines. In: Galley M, Sebai LL (eds) L’homme méditerranéen et la mer. Actes du Troisième congrès international d’études des cultures de la Méditerranée occidentale (Jerba, avril 1981). Institut national d’archéologie et d’Art de Tunis, Tunis, pp 157–158

    Google Scholar 

  • Dawkins R (1976) The selfish gene. Oxford University Press, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  • de Albuquerque L (1994) Dicionário de história dos descobrimentos portugueses. Editorial Caminho, Lisbon

    Google Scholar 

  • Eldredge N, Gould SJ (1972) Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. In: Schopf TJM (ed) Models in Paleobiology. Freeman Cooper, San Francisco, pp 82–115

    Google Scholar 

  • Filgueiras OL (1989) Gelmirez ea reconversão da construção naval tradicional do NW Sec. XI–XII: Seus prováveis reflexos na época dos Descobrimentos. In: Porto U do (ed) Actas do Congresso Internacional Bartolomeu Dias ea sua Época. : Comissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portugueses, Porto, pp 539–576

    Google Scholar 

  • Filgueiras OL (1992) Arquitectura do rabelo. Rozés, Porto

    Google Scholar 

  • Filgueiras OL (1979) A presumptive Germanic heritage for a Portuguese boat-building tradition. In: McGrail S (ed) medieval ships and Hrbours in northern Europe. Papers based on those presented to an international symposium on boat and ship at Bremerhaven in 1979. National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, archaeological series no. 5. B.a.R. international series 66. Oxford, pp 45–75

    Google Scholar 

  • Filgueiras OL (1980) The decline of Portuguese regional boats. National Maritime Museum, London

    Google Scholar 

  • da Fonseca HQ (1915) Memórias de arqueologia marítima portuguesa. Separata dos anais do Clube Militar Naval. Tipografia J.F. Pinheiro, Lisbon, In

    Google Scholar 

  • Harpster M (2005) A re-assembly and reconstruction of the 9th-century AD vessel wrecked off the coast of Bozburun, Turkey. Texas A&M University

    Google Scholar 

  • Jézégou M-P, Joncheray A, Joncheray J-P (1997) Les épaves sarrasines d’Agay et de Cannes. Archeologia 337:32–39

    Google Scholar 

  • Kahanov Y, Royal JG (2001) Analysis of hull remains of the dor D vessel, Tantura lagoon, Israel. Int J Naut Archaeol 30:257–265. https://doi.org/10.1006/ijna.2001.0358

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Le Goff J (2000) Medieval civilization 400–1500. Barnes and Noble, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Lemée CPP (2006) The renaissance shipwrecks from Christianshavn: an archaeological and architectural study of large carvel vessels in Danish waters, 1580–1640. The Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde

    Google Scholar 

  • Lowe KJP (2000) Cultural links between Portugal and Italy in the renaissance. Oxford University Press, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  • Morais R, Granja H, Morillo Cerdán A (2013) O irado Mar Atlântico: o naufragio bético augustano de Esposende (Norte de Portugal). Braga

    Google Scholar 

  • Oertling TJ (2001) The concept of the Atlantic vessel. In: Alves FJS (ed) Proceedings, international symposium on archaeology of medieval and modern ships of Iberian-Atlantic tradition: Hull remains, manuscripts and ethnographic sources: a comparative approach. Instituto Portugués de Arqueologia, Lisbon, pp 233–240

    Google Scholar 

  • Oertling TJ (1989) The few remaining clues. In: Archaeology S for H, Arnold JB (eds) underwater archaeology proceedings for the Society of Historical Archaeology Conference (Baltimore, 1989). Texas. Society of Historical Archaeology, Baltimore, pp 100–103

    Google Scholar 

  • Oertling TJ (2004) Characteristics of fifteenth-and sixteenth-century Iberian ships. In: Hocker FM, Ward CA (eds) The philosophy of shipbuilding. Texas A & M University Press, College Station, pp 129–136

    Google Scholar 

  • Oliveira F (1995) O Liuro da fabrica das naos. Facsimile with a transcription and translation. Academia de Marinha and Macau, Lisbon

    Google Scholar 

  • Pico MATC (1963) A terminologia naval portuguesa anterior a 1460. Sociedade de Língua Portuguesa, Lisbon

    Google Scholar 

  • Pike R (1966) Enterprise and adventure. The Genoese in Seville and the opening of the New World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca

    Google Scholar 

  • Polzer ME (2010) The VIth-century B.C. shipwreck at Pabuç Burnu, Turkey: evidence for transition from lacing to mortise-and-Tenon joinery in late archaic Greek shipbuilding. Varia Anatolica Transf Technol en Archit Nav Méditerranéenne l’Antiquité aux Temps Mod Identité Tech Identité Cult 20:27–44

    Google Scholar 

  • Pulak C (2002) The Uluburun hull remains. In: Tzalas H (ed) Tropis VII. Proceedings of the 7th international symposium on ship construction in antiquity. Hellenic Institute for the Preservation of nautical tradition, Athens, pp 615–636

    Google Scholar 

  • Redknap M (1984) The Cattewater wreck: the investigation of an armed vessel of the early sixteenth century. B.A.R, Oxford

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rieth E (1996) Le maître-gabarit, la tablette et le trébuchet: essai sur la conception non-graphique des carènes du Moyen âge au XXe siècle. Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques-CTHS, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Rieth É (1998) Construction navale à franc-bord en Méditerranée et Atlantique (xive -xviie siècle) et “signatures architecturales”: une première approche archéologique. In: Rieth E (ed) Méditerranée antique. Pêche, navigation, commerce. Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Paris, pp 177–188

    Google Scholar 

  • Royal JG, Kahonov Y (2000) An Arab-period merchant vessel at Tantura lagoon, Israel. Int J Naut Archaeol 29:151–153. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2000.tb01390.x

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Viterbo S (1988) Trabalhos náuticos dos portugueses. Imprensa Nacional Casa da Moeda, Lisbon

    Google Scholar 

  • Wachsmann S, Kahanov Y (1997) The 1995 INA/CMS joint expedition to Tantura lagoon, Israel. Ina Q 24:3–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Ximenes S (1976) Étude préliminaire de l’épave sarrasine du rocher de l’Estéou. Cah Archéologie Subaquat 5:139–150

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Filipe Castro .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Castro, F., Gauthier-Bérubé, M., Martins, M. (2022). Iberian Ships of the Early Modern Period. In: Crespo Solana, A., Castro, F., Nayling, N. (eds) Heritage and the Sea . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86460-6_4

Download citation