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Sustainable Solutions in Urban Health: Transdisciplinary Directions in Urban Planning for Global Public Health

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Sustainable Policies and Practices in Energy, Environment and Health Research

Part of the book series: World Sustainability Series ((WSUSE))

Abstract

A growing body of evidence across distinct disciplines points out the tremendous role of environment quality in shaping the health and well-being of urban populations. While some elements and characteristics of the environment can contribute to health problems, others can be used as tools to promote health throughout the lifespan, facilitate recovery, and develop resilience against health risks present in constantly expanding cities. Concurrently, healthcare systems are economically and logistically burdened, emphasizing the need for cost-effective and universally accessible self-care solutions to support traditional treatments, as well as policy tools to bring self-care solutions to people. In this chapter we discuss the impact of urbanization on mental and physical health, as well as broad community health, and provide directions for researchers and policy makers for nature-based solutions aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals. Insights from urban planning and design, clinical and epidemiological research, social science, and environmental justice have informed our proposal for a novel framework—Harmonious Ecosystem for Sustainable Solutions in Urban Health, based on the 4Rs frame of action: Recognize, Research, provide Resources and Rebuild. This is to promote sustainable urban planning for public health benefits in both Global North and Global South countries.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    SDG 11.7—Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities; SDG 11.3—enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries.

  2. 2.

    SDG 15.9—Integrate ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies, and accounts.

  3. 3.

    SGD 3—Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; SDG 9—Industrial, innovation and infrastructure; SDG 11—Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.

  4. 4.

    SDG 1—End poverty in all its forms everywhere; SDG 10—Reduce inequality within and among countries; SDG 11- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.

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Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Fogel, A., Benjumea, D., Tahsin, N. (2022). Sustainable Solutions in Urban Health: Transdisciplinary Directions in Urban Planning for Global Public Health. In: Leal Filho, W., Vidal, D.G., Dinis, M.A.P., Dias, R.C. (eds) Sustainable Policies and Practices in Energy, Environment and Health Research. World Sustainability Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86304-3_14

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