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Objections to the Ecosystem Concept

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Abstract

The ecosystem concept has been criticized because it is “merely a paradigm”. No one has actually seen an ecosystem. Economic systems too are merely paradigms. No one has actually seen an economy. Nevertheless the concept of an economy has proven useful in organizing human interactions. The concept of an ecosystem is useful in understanding evolution.

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Jordan, C.F. (2022). Objections to the Ecosystem Concept. In: Evolution from a Thermodynamic Perspective. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85186-6_15

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