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Role of Short Peptides as an Important Nutritional Element in Maintenance of Body Homeostasis

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Part of the Healthy Ageing and Longevity book series (HAL,volume 14)

Abstract

This book chapter outlines the physiological and molecular mechanisms of metabolism of short peptides as well as its role in maintenance of homeostasis. Many of short peptides for oral use do not decompose in the gastrointestinal tract and absorb unchanged. Such peptides, which do not hydrolyze in a gastrointestinal tract, get to a blood plasma and then to various tissues and organs. Short peptides permeate through cytoplasmic membrane into the nucleus and nucleolus of a cell, where they able to bind to DNA an to regulate gene expression epigenetically. Interaction DNA-peptide probably is the earliest evolution form. It gives explanation of high biological activity and absolute safety of short peptides, and its’ successful use in form of substance endowed with significant physiological effect.

Keywords

  • Short peptides
  • Nutrition
  • Homeostasis
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Gene expression

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-83017-5_23
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Correspondence to Vladimir Kh. Khavinson .

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This study was not funded.

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Trofimova, S.V., Khavinson, V.K. (2021). Role of Short Peptides as an Important Nutritional Element in Maintenance of Body Homeostasis. In: Rattan, S.I.S., Kaur, G. (eds) Nutrition, Food and Diet in Ageing and Longevity. Healthy Ageing and Longevity, vol 14. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-83017-5_23

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