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Mixed Perceptions of State Responsibility Among Informal Sector Participants in MENA

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Informality, Labour Mobility and Precariousness

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Informality is growingly accepted to be an encompassing concept touching on all aspects of societies and how they are governed, which goes well beyond the contours of economic transactions.

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  1. 1.

    Informal economic activities and informal sector are used interchangeably throughout the chapter.

  2. 2.

    These countries are Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia, and Yemen.

  3. 3.

    A detailed description of the survey is presented in Sect. 3.

  4. 4.

    The data is cross sectional, and, in this study, the most recent available year is used. To my knowledge there is no panel data at the international level that covers informal sector participants.

  5. 5.

    The results are not presented for the reasons of brevity but can be asked from the author.

  6. 6.

    The lack of association can be due to the poor measurement of informal employment, yet the results are robust to the inclusion of self-employed in the operationalization. Also, I derive similar signs and coefficients when binary dependent variables are utilized.


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Correspondence to Anil Duman .

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Duman, A. (2022). Mixed Perceptions of State Responsibility Among Informal Sector Participants in MENA. In: Polese, A. (eds) Informality, Labour Mobility and Precariousness. International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

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