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Challenges of Dangerous Goods Transport by Rail in Thailand

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For the transport of dangerous goods (DGs), trucks are more commonly used in Thailand. However, transportation by truck is often prone to accidents and even environmental damages. Rail freight transport is an environmentally friendly mode of transport, which is considered safe and reliable, though it has shown the lowest market share amongst all the freight transport modes in Thailand. This is because of a lack of logistics facilities, infrastructure, locomotive units, supported regulations and efficient operational practice. This situation led to the increase of risks of possible damages on inland logistics in the country. This paper carries out a study of the challenges of DGs transport by rail in Thailand. A comparison of legislations for DGs transport by rail between Europe, Japan and Thailand is organised to provide appropriate guidelines for the development of regulations applicable to the situation in Thailand. Results of the study indicate that DGs transport by rail in Thailand requires regulations, controlled operational procedures, and training provisions covering direct and block train operations, reliable maintenance of trains and shipping. With proper guidelines in place, the market share of DGs transport by rail in the country would increase and thus promote the railway transport mode as the backbone of an environmentally friendly transportation logistics component in the overall development of Thailand.


  • Rail freight
  • Transportation
  • Logistics
  • Dangerous goods
  • Rules and regulations

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-82095-4_13
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Fig. 1

Source NESDB (2019)

Fig. 2

Source GTZ (2002)

Fig. 3

Source SRT (2019)

Fig. 4

Source COTIF (2020) and Galieriková et al. (2018)

Fig. 5

Source JRF (2019)

Fig. 6

Source DRT (2020)

Fig. 7


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The authors would like to thank Mr. Takun Indarachome, Chief Container Transport Bureau, SRT and Dr. Somnuk Ngamchai, Vice President of PTT Group Logistics Management Department, PTT Plc. for their strong support and assistances on suggestions for an initiative of DGs transport by rail and a trial test of LNG in ISO container tank between SRT, JRF and PTT Plc.

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Correspondence to Mayurachat Watcharejyothin .

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Watcharejyothin, M., Nishimura, K., Marinov, M. (2022). Challenges of Dangerous Goods Transport by Rail in Thailand. In: Marinov, M., Piip, J. (eds) Sustainable Rail Transport 4. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer, Cham.

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