Williams P, Tait G, Wijeratne T. Success rate of elective lumbar puncture at a major Melbourne neurology unit. Surg Neurol Int. 2018;9:12.
de Filho GR, Gomes HP, da FMH, Hoffman JC, Pederneiras SG, Garcia JH. Predictors of successful neuraxial block: a prospective study. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2002;19:447–51.
Edwards C, Leira EC, Gonzalez-Alegre P. Residency training: a failed lumbar puncture is more about obesity than lack of ability. Neurology. 2015;84:e69–72.
Stiffler KA, et al. The use of ultrasound to identify pertinent landmarks for lumbar puncture. AJEM. 2007;25:331–4.
Shah KH, McGillicuddy D, Spear J, Edlow JA. Predicting difficult and traumatic lumbar punctures. Am J Emerg Med. 2007;25(6):608–11.
Gottlieb M, Holladay D, Peksa GD. Ultrasound-assisted lumbar punctures: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2018;26(1).
Shaikh F, et al. Ultrasound imaging for lumbar punctures and epidural catheterisations: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013;346:f1720.
Perlas A, Chaparro LE, Chin KJ. Lumbar neuraxial ultrasound for spinal and epidural anesthesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016;41(2):251–60.
Boon JM, Abrahams PH, Meiring JH, Welch T. Lumbar puncture: anatomical review of a clinical skill. Clin Anat. 2004;17(7):544–53.
Engelborghs S, et al. Consensus guidelines for lumbar puncture in patient with neurological disease. Elsevier; 2017.
Straus SE, et al. How do I perform a lumbar puncture and analyze the results to diagnose bacterial meningitis? JAMA. 2006;296:2012–22.
Mofidi M, et al. Ultrasound guided lumbar puncture in emergency department: time saving and less complications. J Res Med Sci. 2013;18(4):303–7.
Soni NJ, et al. Ultrasound guidance for lumbar puncture. Neurol Clin Pract. 2016;6:358–68.
Nagdev A, et al. How to perform an ultrasound-assisted lumbar puncture. ACEP; 2014.
Pisupati D, Heyming TW, Lewis RJ, Peterson MA. Effect of ultrasonography localization of spinal landmarks on lumbar puncture in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2004;44:S83.
Nomura JT, Leech SJ, Shenbagamurthi S, et al. A randomized controlled trial of ultrasound-assisted lumbar puncture. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:1341–8.
Lee WS, Jeong WJ, Yi HY, Ryu S, Lee JW, Kim SW. The usefulness of ultrasound-assisted lumbar puncture on adult patients in the emergency center: comparison with classic lumbar puncture. J Korean Soc Emerg Med. 2008;19:562.
Cho YC, Koo DH, Oh SK, Jeong WJ, Lee WS, You YH. Comparison of ultrasound-assisted lumbar puncture with lumbar puncture using palpation of landmarks in aged patients in an emergency center. J Korean Soc Emerg Med. 2009;20:304.
Peterson MA, Pisupati D, Heyming TW, Abele JA, Lewis RJ. Ultrasound for routine lumbar puncture. Acad Emerg Med. 2014;21:130–6.
Perlas A. Evidence for the use of ultrasound in neuraxial blocks. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2010;35:S43–6.
Ferre RM, Sweeney TW. Emergency physicians can easily obtain ultrasound images of anatomical landmarks relevant to lumbar puncture. Am J Emerg Med. 2007;25:291–6.
Darrieutort-Lafte C, Bart G, Planche L, et al. Usefulness of a pre-procedure ultrasound scanning of the lumbar spine before epidural injection in patients with a presumed dif cult puncture: a randomized controlled trial. Joint Bone Spine. 2015;82(5):356–61.
Soni NJ, Franco-Sadud R, Kobaidze K, Schnobrich D, Salame G, Lenchus J, et al. Recommendations on the use of ultrasound guidance for adult lumbar puncture: a position statement of the Society of Hospital Medicine. J Hosp Med. 2019:14(10).
Barsuk JH, Cohen ER, Caprio T, et al. Simulation-based education with mastery learning improves residents’ lumbar puncture skills. Neurology. 2012;79(2):132–7.
Margarido CB, Arzola C, Balki M, Carvalho JC. Anesthesiologists’ learn- ing curves for ultrasound assessment of the lumbar spine. Can J Anaesth. 2010;57(2):120–6.
Terblanche NC, Arzola C, Wills KE, et al. Standardised training program in spinal ultrasound for epidural insertion: protocol driven versus non-proto- col driven teaching approach. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2014;42(4):460–6.
Pouraghaei M, Tarzamani MK, Moharramzadeh P, Nikniaz S, Karimian S, Balafar M. Ultrasound guided lumbar puncture reduces failed punctures, spent time and number of attempts in emergency department. J Res Clin Med. 2020;8:20.