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Ice Interaction with Floating Structures

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Part of the IUTAM Bookseries book series (IUTAMBOOK,volume 39)

Abstract

Ice-floating structure interaction involves several limiting mechanisms and multiple failure modes of the sea ice. Field observations indicate that ice failure modes coexist and compete with each other. In addition, the occurrence of different limiting mechanisms is clearly influenced by the physical states of the interactions (e.g., ice features, confinement, floe size, contact properties, and physical environmental driving forces). These processes involve quite different physical mechanisms, such as ice fracture mechanics, multibody dynamics and hydrodynamics. This paper introduces a novel simulation method that automatically handles the possible limiting mechanisms and simulates dominant ice failure modes. The algorithms behind this simulator are developed through extensive field studies to capture the major physical processes and relevant theoretical formulations in their respective subjects (i.e., ice fracture, multiple ice floes’ interaction and hydrodynamics). These developed algorithms are implemented in the Simulator for Arctic Marine Structures (SAMS) and validation have been carried out in several engineering applications. In this paper, we demonstrate such a simulator’s capability of simulating ice—floating structure interactions through calculating the drift ice action on the grounded trawler Northguider, in support of its salvage operation in the high North.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Research Council of Norway through the research centre of SAMCoT CRI for financial support in carrying out the experiment. The second author also thanks VISTA—a basic research programme in collaboration between The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and Equinor for financial support issn writing this paper.

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Correspondence to Sveinung Løset .

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Løset, S., Lu, W., van den Berg, M., Lubbad, R. (2022). Ice Interaction with Floating Structures. In: Tuhkuri, J., Polojärvi, A. (eds) IUTAM Symposium on Physics and Mechanics of Sea Ice. IUTAM Bookseries, vol 39. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_7

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