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Blockchain Based Authentication for End-Nodes and Efficient Cluster Head Selection in Wireless Sensor Networks

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS,volume 278)

Abstract

In this paper, a secure blockchain based identity authentication for end-nodes is proposed in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Moreover, to resolve the issue of limited energy in WSNs, a mechanism of cluster head (CH) selection is also proposed. The nodes in a network are authenticated on the basis of credentials to prevent from malicious activities. The malicious nodes harm the network by providing false data to nodes. Therefore, a blockchain is integrated with the WSN to make the network more secure as it allows only authenticated nodes to become a part of the network. Moreover in a WSN, sensor nodes collect the information and send it towards CH for further processing. The CH aggregates and processes the information; however, its energy depletes rapidly due to extra workload. Therefore, the CH is replaced with the node that has the highest residual energy among all nodes. The simulation result shows the network lifetime increases after CH replacement. Moreover, it shows that he transaction cost is very low during authentication phase.

Keywords

  • Blockchain
  • Wireless sensor networks
  • Identity authentication

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-79725-6_19
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Amjad, S., Aziz, U., Gurmani, M.U., Awan, S., Sajid, M.B.E., Javaid, N. (2021). Blockchain Based Authentication for End-Nodes and Efficient Cluster Head Selection in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Barolli, L., Yim, K., Enokido, T. (eds) Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems. CISIS 2021. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 278. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-79725-6_19

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