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Climate Changes and Insolation in the Mediterranean Basin: The Case of Montenegro

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Abstract

The paper analyses the changes in insolation in Montenegro from 1961 to 2018. Data from 8 main meteorological stations were used where the homogeneity of time series was examined using MASH v3.0 methods. Calculations were made on a monthly, seasonal, and annual basis. During the period 1961–2018, there was a trend of increasing duration of sunshine for 5, and decreasing for 3 stations. We need to adapt to current climate change, and the primary way to mitigate further anthropogenic temperature rises is to reduce the use of fossil fuels and switch to clean energy sources. The results for Montenegro show that insolation is high (most of the country has an annual average of 2200–2600 h) and quite stable. Therefore the Mediterranean region has good potential for the development of solar energy, in general. This is supported by the fact that the period after 1990 (1991–2018) in most parts of Montenegro is sunnier than the period 1961–1990.

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Mitigation
  • Pure energy
  • Insolation
  • Mediterranean
  • Montenegro

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-78566-6_9
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Correspondence to Dragan Burić .

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Burić, D., Doderović, M. (2022). Climate Changes and Insolation in the Mediterranean Basin: The Case of Montenegro. In: Leal Filho, W., Manolas, E. (eds) Climate Change in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Region. Climate Change Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78566-6_9

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