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Climate Change and Agricultural Production in Algeria

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Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

The agricultural sector plays an important role in Algeria’s economic growth: in 2017, it contributed to more than 12% of the country’s GDP and employed directly and indirectly around 13 million people. However, climate change’s impacts on both the agricultural sector and food security pose a serious threat to sustainable development. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of climate change on agricultural production in Algeria during the period 1966–2016. Findings from a simultaneous equations model show that the agricultural yield is positively affected by rainfall and negatively impacted by CO2 emissions. The latter are positively related to temperatures, which leads over time to aggravate the warming climate phenomenon. The results further show that GDP per capita indirectly lowers agricultural yield through its effects on CO2 emissions. Therefore, promoting renewable energy to reduce CO2 emissions provides the best option to fight climate change and reach food security in Algeria.

Keywords

  • Climate Change
  • Agricultural Production
  • Food Security
  • Simultaneous Equations Model
  • Algeria

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-78566-6_12
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Fig. 1

Source U.S. Energy Information Administration (U.S-EIA 2019)

Fig. 2

Source U.S. Energy Information Administration (U.S-EIA 2019)

Fig. 3

Source WDI (2020)

Fig. 4

Source https://fanack.com/algeria/geography/

Fig. 5

Source CCKP (2020), https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/download-data

Fig. 6

Source CCKP (2020), https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/download-data

Fig. 7

Source WDI (2020) and CCKP (2020)

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Bouznit, M., Elaguab, M., Selt, M.M., Himrane, M., Aïssaoui, R. (2022). Climate Change and Agricultural Production in Algeria. In: Leal Filho, W., Manolas, E. (eds) Climate Change in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Region. Climate Change Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78566-6_12

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