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Empowering the Citizen in the Main Pillars of Health by Using IoT

Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST,volume 376)


To live longer, healthier, and more active, people at any age have to follow simple and clear suggestions that cover the 3 main pillars of health: physical activity, nutrition, and sleeping. Unfortunately, due to the intrinsic (e.g., daily-life habits) and extrinsic (e.g., environmental change) factors, people are far to have a healthy life and, thus, there is an increase of chronic diseases, mental disorders, and premature death. Approaches to increase citizen empowerment vary from self-management programs to those for promoting citizen (especially patients) involvement in treatment shared decision-making, to those to facilitating also the clinician-patient cooperation, when required. This paper presents the approach followed in CarpeDiem, an IoT-based system focused on self-management as a way to engage and empower citizens in order to improve their quality of life, to allow a better follow-up by clinicians in case of patients or elderly people, and to improve training in case of sportsmen.


  • Healthy habits
  • Citizen empowerment
  • Physical activity
  • Nutrition
  • Sleeping activity
  • Activity monitoring
  • Recommender system

M. Gómez-Martínez, S. Orte, L. Ros-Freixedes, K. Seif—Contributed equally to the work.

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The Project has been partially funded by ACCÍÓ Pla de Recerca i Innovació 2019/2020, under the project CarpeDiem (Collaborative and Adaptive Recommender for PErsonalized DIEt Management). The authors would like to express their sincerest gratitude to all the participating volunteers. We want also to thank Juan Ruiz Zaldivar for his precious support in the development of the system, as well as the involved domain experts: Lucia Tarro from Eurecat (Spain), for nutrition, and Ferran Barbe and Adriano Targa from IRB in Lleida (Spain), for sleeping.

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Correspondence to Eloisa Vargiu .

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Gómez-Martínez, M., Orte, S., Ros-Freixedes, L., Seif, K., Vargiu, E. (2021). Empowering the Citizen in the Main Pillars of Health by Using IoT. In: Perego, P., TaheriNejad, N., Caon, M. (eds) Wearables in Healthcare. ICWH 2020. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 376. Springer, Cham.

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