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Fig (Ficus Carica)—Morphology, Taxonomy, Composition and Health Benefits

Abstract

Fig fruit is a well known nutritious and delicious fruit of the Indian subcontinent. Its cultivation is restricted and done locally, which makes it an underutilized fruit crop. Fig fruit is attractive, energy dense and rich in nutritive value. It is consumed in fresh or dried form. Dried figs have sweet, and chewy taste. Figs are relished as dried fruit due to characteristic detectable flavour. Daily consumption of figs can provide almost 20 per cent of the recommended dietary fibre per serving. It also helps to regulate blood pressure and blood cholesterol due to the presence of potassium, omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids. High medicinal value of figs is attributed to presence of different phytochemicals.

Family

Moraceae

Genus:

Ficus

Species:

Ficus carica

Local name:

Anjeer

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Hussain, S.Z., Naseer, B., Qadri, T., Fatima, T., Bhat, T.A. (2021). Fig (Ficus Carica)—Morphology, Taxonomy, Composition and Health Benefits. In: Fruits Grown in Highland Regions of the Himalayas. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-75502-7_6

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