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Thoracic Ultrasound

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Abstract

Lung ultrasonography has gained popularity over the past decade among emergency and critical care providers. It allows real-time visualization of structures within the chest cavity including ribs, pleura, lung, heart, and great vessels. POCUS lung examinations are often used to help providers identify and differentiate the pathology of respiratory failure including pleural effusion and pneumothorax. It can also be a useful tool in evaluating for pulmonary edema from elevated left atrial pressure. Lung imaging is a standard part of the Focused Assessment Sonogram for Trauma (FAST), the Rapid Ultrasound for Hypotension (RUSH), and the Focused Rapid Echocardiographic Evaluation (FREE).

Keywords

  • Lungs
  • Thoracic
  • Lung sliding
  • Ribs
  • A-lines
  • B-lines

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_8
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Abbreviations

FAST:

Focused Assessment Sonogram for Trauma

FREE :

Focused Rapid Echocardiographic Evaluation

POCUS:

Point-of-Care Ultrasound

RUSH:

Rapid Ultrasound for Hypotension

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Correspondence to Sarah B. Murthi .

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1 Electronic Supplementary Material

Video 1

This video shows normal B lines (MP4 289 kb)

Video 2

This video shows pathologic B Lines (MP4 1402 kb)

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Hart, E., Murthi, S.B. (2021). Thoracic Ultrasound. In: Salerno, A., Haase, D.J., Murthi, S.B. (eds) Atlas of Critical Care Echocardiography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_8

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-74685-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-74687-2

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)