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Renal Doppler

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Abstract

Acute renal failure is associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Doppler ultrasound of the kidney holds promise as a novel form of monitoring renal perfusion. Measures of venous congestion may indicate when fluid is becoming harmful, while the assessment of renal arterial flow may help detect early acute renal injury.

Keywords

  • Renal Doppler
  • Venous congestion
  • Right atrial pressure
  • Renal resistive index
  • Peak systolic velocity
  • Peak diastolic velocity

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_7
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Abbreviations

CFD:

Color flow Doppler

EDV:

End-diastolic velocity

PSV:

Peak systolic velocity

PWD:

Pulsed wave Doppler

RAP :

Right atrial pressure

RRI:

Renal resistive index

Suggested Reading

  • Beaubien-Souligny W, Benkreira A, Robillard P, et al. Alterations in portal vein flow and intrarenal venous flow are associated with acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: a prospective observational cohort study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7(19):e009961.

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  • Haitsma Mulier JLG, Rozemeijer S, Röttgering JG, Spoelstra-de Man AME, Elbers PWG, Tuinman PR, de Waard MC, Oudemans-van Straaten HM. Renal resistive index as an early predictor and discriminator of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients; A prospective observational cohort study. PLoS One. 2018;13(6):e0197967. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197967. PMID: 29889830; PMCID: PMC5995360.

    CAS  CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Husain-Syed F, Birk HW, Ronco C, Schörmann T, Tello K, Richter MJ, Wilhelm J, Sommer N, Steyerberg E, Bauer P, Walmrath HD, Seeger W, McCullough PA, Gall H, Ghofrani HA. Doppler-derived renal venous stasis index in the prognosis of right heart failure. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019;8(21):e013584. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.013584. Epub 2019 Oct 19. PMID: 31630601; PMCID: PMC6898799.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

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Correspondence to Sarah B. Murthi .

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Murthi, S.B. (2021). Renal Doppler. In: Salerno, A., Haase, D.J., Murthi, S.B. (eds) Atlas of Critical Care Echocardiography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_7

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-74685-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-74687-2

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