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Obtaining, Interpreting, and Using Echo

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Abstract

At first glance, the number of buttons on an ultrasound machine may be intimidating. But as with any skill, you just need to learn the language of ultrasound which is knobology. By using basic knobology, you can improve your ultrasound image. In this chapter we will review the basic ultrasound settings, modes, and transducers.

Keywords

  • Knobology
  • Gain
  • Echogenicity
  • Depth
  • M mode
  • Doppler mode
  • B mode
  • Calipers
  • Doppler measurements
  • Linear probe
  • Curvilinear probe
  • Phased array probe
  • Probe movements

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_1
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Abbreviations

2D:

Two-Dimensional

B Mode:

Brightness Mode

CO:

Cardiac Output

ECG:

Electrocardiogram

EF:

Ejection Fraction

LV:

Left Ventricle

M Mode:

Motion Mode

MHz:

Megahertz

PLA:

Parasternal Long Axis

POCUS:

Point-of-Care Ultrasound

PSA:

Parasternal Short Axis

SV:

Stroke Volume

SX:

Subxiphoid

VTI:

Velocity Time Integral

Suggested Reading

  • Chan V, Perlas A. Basics of ultrasound imaging. In: Atlas of ultrasound guided procedures in interventional pain management. New York: Springer; 2011. p. 13–9.

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Correspondence to Sarah B. Murthi .

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1 Electronic Supplementary Material

This video shows the heart in cardiac mode using B mode scanning (MP4 8417 kb)

This video shows the heart in abdominal mode (MP4 2244 kb)

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Salerno, A., Murthi, S.B. (2021). Obtaining, Interpreting, and Using Echo. In: Salerno, A., Haase, D.J., Murthi, S.B. (eds) Atlas of Critical Care Echocardiography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74687-2_1

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-74685-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-74687-2

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