Speaking in Chicago in 1963, Taoiseach Sean Lemass described Ireland as a nation already transitioned into industrial and economic prominence—a vision that was in itself a performance of modernity. This development was reflected in two major supporting facets: the modernisation of the Irish landscape from a passive to an industrially productive asset, coupled with the emergence of a prosperous and educated middle class, in support of the national modernisation project. The chapter will investigate, through examining newly digitised and released performance records, correspondence, unpublished essays and speeches of playwright Hugh Leonard, how the physical and economic development of Ireland was satirised and critiqued through innovative dramaturgy and the questioning of time and place on stage. This chapter further explores the dramaturgy of staging the Irish landscape within a time of social and economic flux. Also drawing on works by Tom Murphy (Famine) and staging of fractured time and place presents complexities in dramatic form that challenged the development of modern Ireland.