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Optic Neuritis

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Abstract

Optic neuritis is an inflammatory optic neuropathy that typically presents with acute to subacute vision loss associated with pain exacerbated by eye movements. While it can be isolated, optic neuritis commonly is associated with an underlying systemic condition, such as multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, or myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-associated disorder. Correct diagnosis of these conditions is crucial to permit optimal treatment and accurate prognostication. Clinical presentation and neuroimaging characteristics may help guide clinical suspicion and, thus, further evaluation. Serum and cerebrospinal fluid testing also may contribute to the ultimate diagnosis of the underlying condition.

Keywords

  • Optic neuritis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder
  • Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
  • Aquaporin-4 antibodies
  • MOG-IgG
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

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Henderson, A.D. (2021). Optic Neuritis. In: Henderson, A.D., Carey, A.R. (eds) Controversies in Neuro-Ophthalmic Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-74103-7_4

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