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Crop Production Patterns and Marketing in Char Areas: Adapting to Hazards and Vulnerability

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Abstract

Agriculture is the means of livelihood for most of the people living in chars in Bangladesh. However, due to the dynamic hydro-morphology and distinct physiography, these chars are highly vulnerable to hazards like flood, erosion, drought, hailstorm and cold wave, which substantially affect agriculture in those areas. This chapter highlights the coping strategies and adaptation measures adopted by char dwellers in view of these hazards from a market system perspective for three common crops—chilli, maize and jute—found in char areas. Case study locations include chars along the Jamuna River. Following the approach of participatory research, information was collected from input sellers, producers, traders, processors and retailers associated with chilli, maize and jute marketing system. Agriculture in chars surely faces additional uncertainty due to environmental hazards that ultimately results in financial losses for the producers. After a careful analysis of a range of potential adaptation options in agriculture, the current study recommends a number of measures that address the specific needs in the context of chars.

Keywords

  • Agriculture in charlands
  • Production risks
  • Marketing systems
  • Adaptation to hazards and vulnerability
  • Agriculture extension services

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-73592-0_17
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Fig. 17.1
Fig. 17.2

Source Research Team 2013

Fig. 17.3

Source Research Team 2013

Fig. 17.4

Source Research Team 2013

Fig. 17.5

Source Research Team 2013

Notes

  1. 1.

    Chatal is a large leveled and predominantly cemented floor area used for drying crops. In Bangladesh, large traders have their own chatals.

Reference

  • IWFM and PPDM (2013) A study to assess the impact of disasters on market systems at char areas. Dhaka

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Acknowledgement

The authors would like to acknowledge the kind support provided by the M4C and its implementation partners NDP (National Development Programme) in Sirajganj and Jamalpur and SKS Foundation (in Bogra and Gaibandha) during the fieldwork. We are immensely grateful to all key informants and participants in various consultation sessions and FGDs for giving time and valuable inputs to the study. The authors would like to thank Ms Nandita Basu and Abu Musa Md. Abdullah for their kind support with the study area map.

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Rahman, M.A., Mondal, M.S., Huq, H., Mukherjee, N., Rahman, M.R. (2021). Crop Production Patterns and Marketing in Char Areas: Adapting to Hazards and Vulnerability. In: Zaman, M., Alam, M. (eds) Living on the Edge. Springer Geography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73592-0_17

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73592-0_17

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-73591-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-73592-0

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)