Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the Creation of a Topographic Plan of a Chalk Pit

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 151)


Creating topographic plans of terrain sections in the classical way takes a lot of time. It is proposed to use modern equipment and software products to solve the task, which should lead to a reduction in time during the production of work, as well as reduce the cost of the final product. This paper describes the process of drawing up a topographic plan of the chalk pit area for the purposes of landscaping with the use of an unmanned aerial vehicle, followed by processing the data obtained in a specialized software product. The basic preparations for the shooting of unmanned aircraft, also the process of shooting and processing photos in a specialized software product “Agisoft Metashape” for receiving and decoding of the orthophotomap were analyzed.

An approach to laying a network of identification marks on the ground with the use of GPS receivers and determining their spatial coordinates is considered in detail. Also, due to the large volume of work and some technical limitations of the work of the unmanned aerial vehicle, it became necessary to divide the terrain into survey areas, followed by combining the broken sections into a single orthophotomap. The principle of dividing the terrain into separate flight zones is also described in the paper.


Aerial photography of the terrain Chalk quarry Unmanned aerial vehicles Digital terrain model Orthophotomap Topographic plan Geodetic survey base 



This work was realized under the support of the President Scholarship; in the framework of the Program of flagship university development on the base of the Belgorod State Technological University named after V G Shukhov, using equipment of High Technology Center at BSTU named after V G Shukhov.


  1. 1.
    Shin, E.R., Schekina, A.Yu., Cherkasov, R.A.: Technology for creating topographic plans at a scale of 1:500 based on survey data from the Phantom 4 quadcopter. Vector Geosci. 2(1), 54–59 (2019)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kostyuk, A.S.: Features of aerial photography from ultralight unmanned aerial vehicles. Omsk Sci. Bull. 1, 236–240 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Semenov, A.S., Slonich, K.A.: Survey of buildings and structures with the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. Bull. BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov 9, 160–163 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Instructions for aerial photography (AFS) using UAV DJI Phantom 4 Geobox RTK/PPK. Accessed 11 Oct 2019
  5. 5.
    Gubarev, S.A., Shin, E.R.: Changes in the functionality and structures of unmanned aerial vehicles for civil purposes. Bull. Geosci. 3(2), 64–68 (2020)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Phantom 4 Chatacteristics. Accessed 18 Oct 2017
  7. 7.
    Tikhonov, A.A., Akmatov, D.Zh.: Review of programs for processing aerial photography data. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. (Sci. Tech. J.) 12, 192–198 (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schreiner, K.A.: Using the capabilities of unmanned aerial vehicles for remote sensing on the example of open-pit mining. Bull. Siberian State Geodetic Acad. 2(18), 47–50 (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Verzilov, N.E., Pakhomov, A.S., Sukharev, V.G., Belyavskaya, O.Sh.: Application of the GeoniCS software package for reconnaissance in military affairs. In: Information and Graphic Technologies in Professional and Scientific Activities, pp. 113–116 (2019)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Essin, A.S., Essin, S.S.: Technology of photogrammetric processing of aerial photographs obtained from UAV in order to create orthophotomaps. Geo-Siberia 4(1), 72–75 (2009)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. ShukhovBelgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations