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Portable Robotic Modular Kit for Teaching Gestures in Children with ASD

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE,volume 763)

Abstract

Technological advancement in recent years has allowed effective development in various fields, the link between technology and education is undoubtedly one of them. The health emergency that has arisen in recent months worldwide is a call for innovation to continue with learning processes that adapt to new study modalities. That is why this work proposes the development of a portable robotic modular kit for teaching gestures in children with autism spectrum disorder. The aim is to contribute to the development of non-verbal communication. The portable robotic modular kit consists of an Android application, a robot with 20 interchangeable parts and one container box to transport the robotic kit. The Android application has 3 working modes. Two of them are for working without the robot and the main working mode is the one that controls the robot. The validation of the tool was carried out by experts in the field of teaching to children with ASD. 65.57% of the people evaluated considered that the system can contribute to the teaching of gestures to autistic children and 70.49% of people considered that the tool can be used in children without disorder. Finally, the tool was presented in 5 therapy sessions in children with ASD within the Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Center CERENI. The results obtained are quite encouraging. We obtained a satisfaction of 100% in children with autism grade 1, while in children with autism grade 2 and 3 we obtained a satisfaction of 50% on the scale proposed with an increasing trend.

Keywords

  • Teaching
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Modular robots
  • Gestures
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Human - robot interaction
  • Laterality

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-72212-8_16
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Acknowledgment

The authors thank Dr. Martha de la Torre and the CERENI center for their valuable participation and help in the study.

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Correspondence to Johanna Tobar .

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Tobar, J., Delgado, J., Muñoz, B., Bacca, B., Caicedo, E. (2021). Portable Robotic Modular Kit for Teaching Gestures in Children with ASD. In: Botto Tobar, M., Cruz, H., Díaz Cadena, A. (eds) Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy. CIT 2020. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol 763. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-72212-8_16

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