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Repercussions of Monsoon in the Indian Sub-continent During COVID-19

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Abstract

The world is facing an unprecedented time owing to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The research community is racing to find a solution to contain the outbreak, leading to the proposals of many possible routes of the virus transmission and its dynamics. The Indian sub-continent experiences the monsoon season that leads to heavy rainfall and flooding in the region, affecting the urban areas the most. We list out the outcomes of the synergistic interaction between the ongoing pandemic and the monsoon season in the urban areas and megacities. The major risk factors emanating from the interaction are the impacts on seasonal monsoon-related disease transmission, sewerage effluents, and potable water sources. We also discuss some socio-economic aspects regarding the implications of monsoon during the pandemic time, such as transport disruptions and increased pressure on the accessibility to the health care systems. We hope that our observations shall stimulate discussion and detailed investigations regarding the dimensions of monsoon impact. In addition to this, the observations shall aid the policymakers and governance systems in charting out the best fit mitigation and adaptation strategies to tackle the perils of COVID-19 during the monsoon season.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Monsoon
  • Urban
  • Indian sub-continent
  • Water

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Fig. 11.1

Data source https://apdrc.soest.hawaii.edu/las/v6/constrain?var=1776; CPC interpolated monthly rainfall

Fig. 11.2
Fig. 11.3
Fig. 11.4

(Data source Regional Meteorological Centre Mumbai, India Meteorological Department)

Fig. 11.5

(Data source Public Health Department—Municipal Corporation Greater Mumbai, Government of Maharashtra)

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Acknowledgements

Renjith VishnuRadhan acknowledges an Institute Post-Doctoral fellowship from IIT Bombay. Ravinder Dhiman acknowledges Prof. Janki Andharia, Dean, JTSDS, TISS Mumbai, India, for providing the necessary support.  Ankita Misra acknowledges an Institute Post-Doctoral fellowship from the Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT).

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VishnuRadhan, R., Eldho, T.I., Dhiman, R., Misra, A., Jayakrishnan, P.R., Zainudin, Z. (2021). Repercussions of Monsoon in the Indian Sub-continent During COVID-19. In: Linkov, I., Keenan, J.M., Trump, B.D. (eds) COVID-19: Systemic Risk and Resilience. Risk, Systems and Decisions. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71587-8_11

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71587-8_11

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