Climate change has increasingly become an issue at the forefront of society’s collective consciousness. Foreseeing the challenges that lie ahead, the United States passed the Global Change Research Act of 1990 that requires the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) to deliver a report to Congress and the President to provide a comprehensive, integrated scientific assessment of the effects of global change every four years. The concept of global change is expansive, dealing with changes to the Earth’s system, such as oceans, atmosphere, oceans, among others. Changes in these foundational elements of life have profound impacts on all things in society such as agriculture, energy production and use, land and water resources, transportation, human health, and biological diversity (U.S. Global Change Research Program 1990). The principal output of the USGCRP is the National Climate Assessment—a report that brings together the best scientific minds and policy makers to make sense of the state of current research on climate.