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Interpretability of Deep Learning: A Survey

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Advances in Natural Computation, Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (ICNC-FSKD 2020)

Abstract

The interpretability research of deep learning is closely related to engineering, machine learning, mathematics, cognitive psychology and other disciplines. It has important theoretical research significance and practical application value in many fields such as information push, medical research, unmanned driving and information security. Past research has made some contributions to the black box problem of deep learning, but we still face a variety of challenges. For this reason, this paper first summarizes the history and related work of deep learning interpretability research. The present research status is introduced from three aspects: visual analysis, robust perturbation analysis and sensitivity analysis. This paper introduces the research on the construction of interpretable deep learning model from four aspects: model agent, logical reasoning, network node association analysis and traditional machine learning model. In addition, this paper also analyzes and discusses the shortcomings of the existing methods. Finally, the typical applications of interpretable deep learning are listed, and the possible future research directions in this field are prospected, and corresponding suggestions are put forward.

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Acknowledgement

This research is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61972183, 61672268) and National Engineering Laboratory Director Foundation of Big Data Application for Social Security Risk Perception and Prevention.

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Correspondence to Keyang Cheng .

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Cheng, K., Wang, N., Li, M. (2021). Interpretability of Deep Learning: A Survey. In: Meng, H., Lei, T., Li, M., Li, K., Xiong, N., Wang, L. (eds) Advances in Natural Computation, Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery. ICNC-FSKD 2020. Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol 88. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-70665-4_54

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