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Evolution of Technology Transfer in Belarus: Two Parallel Dimensions in a Post-Soviet Country

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Part of the International Studies in Entrepreneurship book series (ISEN,volume 51)

Abstract

This chapter explores the development of knowledge and technology transfer policies in Belarus during the post-Soviet period. Based on the literature and data analysis, we discuss important patterns of knowledge and technology transfer processes. Our findings demonstrate that state interventions in science and technology have had a marginal effect on private enterprises’ innovative performance but have supported large state-owned enterprises in preserving their manufacturing potential. In this regard, one of the most relevant implications for policymakers in the field of science, technology, and innovation is that the policy and its enforcement should encourage state research organizations and private enterprises and support infrastructure to collaborate, creating a synergy for innovation ecosystem development.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    For further details, visit http://www.gki.gov.by/upload/new%20structure/info%20for%20investors/oao_more/600038906.doc

  2. 2.

    For further details, visit https://neg.by/novosti/otkrytj/traktor-s-dalnim-pricelom

  3. 3.

    For further details, visit: http://www.belmarket.by/slishkom-dorogie-patenty

  4. 4.

    Analytical report on situation and development perspectives of science and technologies in the Republic of Belarus. Access mode: http://belisa.org.by/ru/print/?brief=analytical_publ Access date: 25.05.2020.

  5. 5.

    When deciding on the dominating R&D system (extramural vs. enterprise-based), we argue that in case of Belarus it is reasonable to consider these distributions by sectors rather than looking on broad sectors (public, business enterprise, education) because of quite complicated structure of organizational forms and subordination.

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Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the support from the Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC). Radzivon Marozau acknowledges the financial support by SIDA. Natalja Apanasovich expresses gratitude to the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research for the support provided within the framework of the project Developing and re-evaluating STI Policy Instruments and Models for Fostering Academia-Industry Cooperation. Maribel Guerrero acknowledges the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at the Universidad del Desarrollo (Chile), the Northumbria Centre for Innovation, Regional Transformation and Entrepreneurship based on Newcastle Business School at Northumbria University (UK), and the Centre for Innovation Research (CIRCLE) at Lund University (SE) for their invaluable support.

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Marozau, R., Apanasovich, N., Guerrero, M. (2021). Evolution of Technology Transfer in Belarus: Two Parallel Dimensions in a Post-Soviet Country. In: Guerrero, M., Urbano, D. (eds) Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurial Innovations. International Studies in Entrepreneurship, vol 51. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-70022-5_12

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