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Korean, Japanese, and Chinese Free Trade Agreements with European States in an Age of U.S. Protectionism

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Abstract

This chapter takes a close look at the ongoing and concluded negotiations as well as the ratification of FTAs between the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) with European nations—individually, such as with some (or all) of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member countries as well as with the EU—within the past decade but, of course, with a focus on the current situation that emerged after 2016, i.e., an environment in which free trade (and possibly the global liberal order and institutional framework at large) is threatened by American protectionism initiated by the former Trump administration. The authors raise the questions of whether these agreements are part of a long-term free trade strategy of Europeans, Japan, the ROK, and the PRC, and how far these recent FTAs between Europe and Asia are related to U.S. protectionism or the rise of China.

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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of IcelandReykjavíkIceland

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