Advertisement

Crisis of Democracy, Social Media and the Digital Age: The Narrative of Specialists from Spain, Mexico and Peru

Conference paper
  • 111 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1331)

Abstract

The contemporary discussion about the political participation of citizens starts from the recognition of a new stage, but in which the consequences in terms of public deliberation and the strengthening of different democratic expressions is debatable. In order to examine the validity of some of the conclusions of studies that were carried out when cyberpolitics was an incipient phenomenon, a qualitative study was conducted in which thirty social science specialists in three Ibero-American countries were interviewed: Spain, Mexico and Peru. In summary, an important part of the interviewees agrees to question the true contribution of social media to strengthening the development of a plural democracy, while they also note both risks and opportunities regarding the quality of the information that is shared and consumed by users in the digital age.

Keywords

Social media Political participation Spain Mexico Peru 

References

  1. Acevedo, J.: Movimientos sociales y redes de comunicación. Una Aprox. partir dela movilización de jóvenes peruanos en contra de la Ley Pulpín, Comunifé 15, 11–18 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. Anduiza, E., Cristancho, C., Sabucedo, J.: Mobilization through online social networks: the political protest of the indignados in Spain. Inf. Commun. 17(6), 750–764 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2013.808360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bacallao-Pino, L.M.: Redes sociales, acción colectiva y elecciones: los usos de Facebook por el movimiento estudiantil chileno durante la campaña electoral de 2013. Palabra Clave 19(3), 810–837 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.5294/pacla.2016.19.3.6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Castro Pérez, R.: Quería probar que puedo hacer tendencia. Activismos ciudadanos online y prácticas poplíticas en el Perú. Antropológica 37(42), 177–200 (2019)Google Scholar
  5. Craig, S.: Efficacy, trust, and political behavior: an attempt to resolve a lingering conceptual dilemma. Am. Polit. Q. 7(2), 225–240 (1979).  https://doi.org/10.1177/1532673X7900700207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dahlgren, P.: Media, knowledge and trust: the deepening epistemic crisis of democracy. Javnost: Public 25(1–2), 20–27 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2018.1418819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De la Garza, D., Barredo, D.: Redes sociales, participación ciudadana y medios alternativos: la crisis de los medios masivos de comunicación en México durante el sexenio de Enrique Peña Nieto. In: Zugasti, R., Mancho, A., Segura, A. (eds.). La opinión pública y la comunicación política en entornos digitales, pp. 11–28. Egregius, Spain (2018)Google Scholar
  8. Dinegro, A.: Pulpines y el trabajo digno. Crónica de una lucha. In: Contribución de la cooperación internacional y de la sociedad civil al desarrollo del Perú 2015. COEECI, Lima (2016)Google Scholar
  9. Doody, O., Noonan, M.: Preparing and conducting interviews to collect data. Nurse Res. 20(5), 28–32 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dryzek, J., Bächtiger, A., Chambers, S., Cohen, J., Druckman, J., Felicetti, A., Fishkin, J., Farrell, D., Fung, A., Gutmann, A., Landemore, H., Mansbridge, J., Marien, S., Neblo, M., Niemeyer, S., Setälä, M., Slothuus, R., Suiter, J., Thompson, D., Warren, M.: The crisis of democracy and the science of deliberation. Science 363(6432), 1144–1146 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dyck, J., Lascher, E.: Direct democracy and political efficacy reconsidered. Polit. Behav. 31(3), 401–427 (2009).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-008-9081-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Flores, D.: La búsqueda del cambio social en la era digital: activismo y expresión pública en Internet. Disertaciones 10, 125–138 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gruzd, A., Haythornthwaite, C., Paulin, D., Gilbert, S., del Valle, M.: Uses and gratifications factors for social media use in teaching: instructors’ perspectives. New Media Soc. 20(2), 475–494 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gutiérrez Rentería, M.E., Santana, J.C., López-Hernández, C., Pérez-Ayala Madero, M.G., Hellmueller, L.: Perfil de un grupo de audiencia universitaria en México según su participación ciudadana, confianza en las instituciones e interacción cívica en los medios en 2017. Rev. Comun. 17, 125–141 (2018)Google Scholar
  15. Hammer, D., Wildavsky, A.: La entrevista semi-estructurada de final abierto. aproximación a una guía operativa. Hist. Fuente Oral 4, 23–61 (1990)Google Scholar
  16. Hobson, C.: Democracy: trap, tragedy or crisis? Polit. Stud. Rev. 16(1), 38–45 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1177/1478929916663756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Islas, O., Arribas, A.: La historia de los años recientes. In: Islas, O., Arribas, A. (eds.) Las benditas redes sociales digitales, pp.51–83 Cuadernos Artesanales de Latina, España (2019)Google Scholar
  18. Keating, A., Melis, G.: Social media and youth political engagement: preaching to the converted or providing a new voice for youth? Br. J. Polit. Int. Relat. 19(4), 877–894 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1177/1369148117718461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kvale, S.: Dominance through interviews and dialogues. Qual. Inq. 12(3), 480–500 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lane, D.S., Lee, S.S., Liang, F., Kim, D.H., Shen, L., Weeks, B.E., Kwak, N.: Social media expression and the political self. J. Commun. 69(1), 49–72 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1093/joc/jqy064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lee, C., Ma, L.: News sharing in social media: the effect of gratifications and prior experience. Comput. Hum. Behav. 28(2), 331–339 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.10.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Leung, L.: Generational differences in content generation in social media: the roles of the gratifications sought and of narcissism. Comput. Hum. Behav. 29(3), 997–1006 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.12.028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu, X., Min, Q., Han, S.: Understanding users’ continuous content contribution behaviours on microblogs: an integrated perspective of uses and gratification theory and social influence theory. Behav. Inf. Technol. 39(5), 525–543 (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2019.1603326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. López, G., Barnaby, O.: Use of social networks by pre-graduate students in a school of medicine in Lima. Peru. Rev. Méd. Herediana 30(2), 94–99 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.20453/rmh.v30i2.3550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marantz, A.: Antisocial: Online Extremists, Techno-Utopians, and the Hijacking of the American Conversation. Penguin Random House, New York City (2019)Google Scholar
  26. Margetts, H.: Rethinking Democracy with social media. Polit. Quart. 90, 107–123 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-923X.12574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mora, C.: La Ley Pulpín y la captura del estado. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima (2017)Google Scholar
  28. Moravec, P., Minas, R., Dennis, A.: Fake news on social media: people believe what they want to believe when it makes no sense at all. MIS Q. 43(4), 1343–1360 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.25300/MISQ/2019/15505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muller, D.: Journalism Ethics for the Digital Age. Scribe Us, London (2014)Google Scholar
  30. Pizarro Hofer, R.: Chile: rebelión contra el Estado subsidiario. Trimestre Econ. 87(346), 333–365 (2020).  https://doi.org/10.20430/ete.v87i346.1055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rahman, K.: (Re)constructing democracy in crisis. UCLA Law Rev. 65(6), 1552–1572 (2018)Google Scholar
  32. Red, M.: Rocking the vote in mexico’s 2012 presidential election: Mexico’s popular music scene’s use of social media in a post-arab spring context. Int. J. Commun. 7, 1205–1219 (2013)Google Scholar
  33. Rivero, J.: Podemos. Objetivo: asaltar los cielos. Planeta, Barcelona (2015)Google Scholar
  34. Rodríguez, X.: Bloqueo mediático, redes sociales y malestar ciudadano. Para entender el movimiento español del 15-M. Palabra Clave 16(1), 45–68 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.5294/pacla.2013.16.1.2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Scherman, A., Arriagada, A.: Jóvenes, disposición a votar y consumo de medios en Chile. Comun. Sociedad 25(1), 85–112 (2011)Google Scholar
  36. Simons, G.: Conservatism, populism and the crisis of liberal democracy: new political relationships in the making? Acta Prosperit. 9, 23–40 (2018)Google Scholar
  37. Singer, P.W., Brooking, E.T. : LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston (2018)Google Scholar
  38. Soengas, X.: El papel de Internet y de las redes sociales en las revueltas árabes: una alternativa a la censura de la prensa oficial. Comunicar 21(41), 144–157 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.3916/C41-2013-14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ungureanu, C., Serrano, I.: El populismo como relato y la crisis de la democracia representativa. Rev. CIDOB d’Afers Int. 119, 13–33 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.24241/rcai.2018.119.2.13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang, Z., Tchernev, J.M., Solloway, T.: A dynamic longitudinal examination of social media use, needs, and gratifications among college students. Comput. Hum. Behav. 28(5), 1829–1839 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.05.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wiest, J.B., Eltantawy, N.: Social media use among UAE college students one year after the Arab Spring. J. Arab Muslim Media Res. 5(3), 209–226 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1386/jammr.5.3.209_1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yamamoto, M., Kushin, M., Dalisay, F.: Social media and political disengagement among young adults: a moderated mediation model of cynicism, efficacy, and social media use on apathy. Mass Commun. Soc. 20(2), 149–168 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1080/15205436.2016.1224352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yeich, S., Levine, R.: Political efficacy: enhancing the construct and its relationship to mobilization of people. J. Commun. Psychol. 22(3), 259–271 (1994).  https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zeynep, T.: Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest. Yale University Press, New Haven (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo LeónSan Nicolás de los GarzaMéxico
  2. 2.Universidad del RosarioBogotáColombia
  3. 3.Universidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain

Personalised recommendations