Ecological Activities of Manufacturing Companies in the Use and Recycling of Products

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In the paper, the research results on ecological activities in manufacturing companies are described. The research was conducted in selected small and medium (SME) and large enterprises in Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) Region (Poland). The main method used in the study was a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire inquired the ecological solutions in selected areas of enterprises' activities. The questionnaire was divided into groups according to product lifecycle. Thus comparison of ecological maturity in all stages was possible. The questionnaires were focused on the level of implemented ecological activities at the use and recycling phases of the product lifecycle about company size. The article discusses the negative impact of companies' products on the environment, arguments for eco-design, considering companies as being “green”, handling of products withdrawn from the market, methods of segregation of used products and ways of disassembly of used products. The results showed differences between ecological practices in Polish small-and-medium and large enterprises and revealed appearing tendencies in enterprises' activities.


Questionnaire survey Small and medium enterprise Large enterprise Product lifecycle 



The work presented in the paper has been financed under 0613/SBAD/4677 grant for Poznan University of Technology.


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Poznań University of TechnologyPoznańPoland

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