To Engage or to Contain? Canada-Russia Relations in the Shifting International Order

Part of the Canada and International Affairs book series (CIAF)


Russia and Canada are at once very similar and very different. They are very similar since they are respectively the largest and second largest countries in the world in terms of their geographic size, with major swaths of territory that are sparsely populated and located within the Arctic Circle. Both are ‘energy superpowers’, and so have economies that largely depend on natural resources. According to one measure, Canada has the third largest proven oil reserves in the world, whereas Russia has the eighth largest. Russia is the largest exporter of natural gas, while Canada comes in at fourth place globally (Energy Information Administration 2019). Both are also ethnically diverse and feature relatively large Indigenous populations.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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