Skip to main content

A Dynamic-Agent-Based Sustainability Assessment of Energy Systems

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Energy Systems Evaluation (Volume 1)

Part of the book series: Green Energy and Technology ((GREEN))

  • 626 Accesses

Abstract

Energy plays an important role in our life, constituting one of the major vital needs of human beings and affecting all aspects of the development of our life. Until recently, electricity, the most widely used form of energy, represents an attractive field of research and development to many researchers in order to compromise between the efficiency and the economy of electricity supply technologies [2]. However, nowadays, climate change and its impacts direct the vision towards including other social and environmental aspects in the evaluation of these technologies [2]. In response to the increasing demand for electricity in Egypt, actors have to compare reasonably between all potential technologies and make decisions on the suitable energy-mix that could secure a sustainable future energy in Egypt. We introduce a new approach of a dynamic temporal and spatial sustainability assessment of technologies for electricity planning with the analysis of the decision-making process of multiple actors in the energy sector. Furthermore, we investigate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from different energy-mix scenarios. Our results reveal an overall energy landscape transition towards renewable technologies in order to meet the increasing demand in a secure and sustainable manner with the possibility of including coal and nuclear energy to a limited extent as a diversification tool of energy resources ensuring more security. We conclude that the complexity of the decision-making process in the planning of future energy supply necessitates the involvement of a multi-dimensional dynamic assessment of energy systems and the involvement of preferences of all stakeholders, who are affected by the decision process, in the evaluation of these systems from their perspectives.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Shaaban M, Scheffran J, Böhner J, Elsobki M (2018) Sustainability assessment of electricity generation technologies in Egypt using multi-criteria decision analysis. Energies 11:1117. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11051117

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Shaaban M (2017) The roadmap to energy security in Egypt. Doctoral thesis. University of Hamburg

    Google Scholar 

  3. Vera I, Langlois L (2007) Energy indicators for sustainable development. Energy 32:875–882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2006.08.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. SE4All (2011) Sustainable energy for all. http://www.se4all.org/our-vision. Accessed 3 May 2016

  5. Terrapon-Pfaff J, Dienst C, König J, Ortiz W (2014) A cross-sectional review: impacts and sustainability of small-scale renewable energy projects in developing countries. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 40:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.161

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. United Nations (2016) United Nations sustainable development agenda. In: U. N. Sustain. Dev. http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/. Accessed 3 May 2016

  7. Winzer C (2012) Conceptualizing energy security. Energy Policy 46:36–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.02.067

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. EEHC (2017) Egyptian electricity holding company annual report. Ministry of electricity and renewable energy, Cairo

    Google Scholar 

  9. US EIA (2015) Egypt energy analysis. In: US Energy Inf. Adm. https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/analysis.cfm?iso=EGY. Accessed 14 Mar 2016

  10. EEHC (2014) Egyptian electricity holding company annual report. Ministry of electricity and renewable energy, Cairo

    Google Scholar 

  11. Liu G (2014) Development of a general sustainability indicator for renewable energy systems: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 31:611–621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.12.038

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Singh RK, Murty HR, Gupta SK, Dikshit AK (2009) An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecol Indic 9:189–212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.05.011

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Ness B, Urbel-Piirsalu E, Anderberg S, Olsson L (2007) Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ecol Econ 60:498–508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.07.023

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Pohekar SD, Ramachandran M (2004) Application of multi-criteria decision making to sustainable energy planning—A review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 8:365–381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2003.12.007

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Wang J-J, Jing Y-Y, Zhang C-F, Zhao J-H (2009) Review on multi-criteria decision analysis aid in sustainable energy decision-making. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13:2263–2278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.06.021

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Abu Taha R, Daim T (2013) Multi-criteria applications in renewable energy analysis, a literature review. In: Daim T, Oliver T, Kim J (eds) Research and technology management in the electricity industry. Springer, London, London, pp 17–30

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  17. Doukas H, Papadopoulou A, Savvakis N et al (2012) Assessing energy sustainability of rural communities using principal component analysis. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 16:1949–1957. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.01.018

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Troldborg M, Heslop S, Hough RL (2014) Assessing the sustainability of renewable energy technologies using multi-criteria analysis: suitability of approach for national-scale assessments and associated uncertainties. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 39:1173–1184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.160

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Evans A, Strezov V, Evans TJ (2009) Assessment of sustainability indicators for renewable energy technologies. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13:1082–1088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2008.03.008

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Islam MdT, Shahir SA, Uddin TMI, Saifullah AZA (2014) Current energy scenario and future prospect of renewable energy in Bangladesh. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 39:1074–1088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.149

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Góralczyk M (2003) Life-cycle assessment in the renewable energy sector. Appl Energy 75:205–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-2619(03)00033-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Pehnt M (2006) Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renew Energy 31:55–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.03.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Varun Bhat IK, Prakash R (2009) LCA of renewable energy for electricity generation systems—A review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13:1067–1073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2008.08.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Scheffran J (2010) Criteria for a sustainable bioenergy infrastructure and lifecycle. In: Mascia PN, Scheffran J, Widholm JM (eds) Plant biotechnology for sustainable production of energy and co-products. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 409–447

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  25. Demirtas O (2013) Evaluating the best renewable energy technology for sustainable energy planning. Int J Energy Econ Policy 3:23–33

    Google Scholar 

  26. Wilensky U (1999) NetLogo. center for connected learning and computer-based modeling. Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

    Google Scholar 

  27. Shaaban M, Scheffran J, Böhner J, Elsobki MS (2019) A dynamic sustainability analysis of energy landscapes in Egypt: a spatial agent-based model combined with multi-criteria decision analysis. J Artif Soc Soc Simul 22. https://doi.org/10.18564/jasss.3906

  28. Neves AR, Leal V (2010) Energy sustainability indicators for local energy planning: review of current practices and derivation of a new framework. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14:2723–2735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.067

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Shaaban M, Scheffran J (2017) Selection of sustainable development indicators for the assessment of electricity production in Egypt. Sustain Energy Technol Assess 22:65–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2017.07.003

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Gylling Mortensen N, Egypten, New and Renewable Energy Authority et al (2006) Wind atlas for Egypt: measurements and modelling 1991–2005. New and Renewable Energy Authority. Egyptian Meteorological Authority, Risø National Laboratory, Cairo, Roskilde

    Google Scholar 

  31. Billari FC, Fent T, Prskawetz A, Scheffran J (2006) Agent-Based Computational Modelling. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg

    Book  Google Scholar 

  32. Gilbert GN (2008) Agent-based models. Sage Publications, Los Angeles

    Book  Google Scholar 

  33. Scheffran J, Hannon B (2007) From complex conflicts to stable cooperation: cases in environment and security. Complexity 13:78–91. https://doi.org/10.1002/cplx.20201

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  34. Shaaban M, Scheffran J, Böhner J, Elsobki MS (2018) Energy landscape transition analysis and planning in Egypt (ELTAP-Egy)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mostafa Shaaban .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Shaaban, M., Scheffran, J. (2021). A Dynamic-Agent-Based Sustainability Assessment of Energy Systems. In: Ren, J. (eds) Energy Systems Evaluation (Volume 1). Green Energy and Technology. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-67529-5_8

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-67529-5_8

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-67528-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-67529-5

  • eBook Packages: EnergyEnergy (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics