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A Review on Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaic Panels

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Abstract

Vehicular transport is considered as the most important origin of air pollution in cities. However, despite the commercial growing achievement of electric vehicles, there had been no detectable reduction in energy consumption and CO2 emission, at least in a short-term scenario. Solar vehicles can be considered as an alternative to this problem. Indeed, they are considered as a restricted, but promising technology and they are slowly gaining the interest of several automotive companies and researchers. This is due to several factors such as the rapid rise of photovoltaic technologies due to decreasing cost and improvement of their efficiency in addition to the increasing development of electric vehicles considering their environmental friendliness and their reduced dependence on fossil fuels. This manuscript highlights various aspects, challenges, and problems for solar vehicle development. In fact, this chapter widely reviews vehicle-integrated photovoltaic panels where different power train architectures are highlighted. In addition, a review of different power structures of vehicle-integrated PV is exposed. Also, energy storage system solutions are detailed with possible recommendations. Furthermore, energy management systems for vehicle-integrated photovoltaic panels are discussed and evaluated.

Keywords

Vehicle-integrated PV Photovoltaic technologies Energy storage system Power converters Energy management system 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research under Grant LSE-ENIT-LR 11ES15.

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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Tunis El Manar, Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Tunis, LR11ES15, Laboratoire des Systèmes ElectriquesTunisTunisie
  2. 2.Université de Gabès, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie de GabèsGabèsTunisie
  3. 3.Université de Carthage, Ecole Nationale d’Architecture et d’UrbanismeSidi BousaidTunisie

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