Skip to main content

The Echoes of Malhazine

  • 171 Accesses


The effort by the Mozambique government to create Africa’s largest, most biologically diverse city park remains a work-in-progress. How the human psyche manages to endure fickle pros and cons that add up in the tired mind, or broken heart, on a long-suffering Continent, is not something easily given to rhetorical, geopolitical, or economic indicators. If experience be our guide, all humans need basically the same things; and where thoughts and hopes are no more heightened and attuned than in protected places; sacred spaces; amidst the fanfare of wild creatures who coevolved with all of our ancestors. Mozambicans know this to be true.


  • Malhazine
  • Mozambique
  • Gorongosa National Park
  • Inhaca Island

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-64526-7_17
  • Chapter length: 9 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   39.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-64526-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 17.1
Fig. 17.2
Fig. 17.3


  1. 1.

    See Julio Mercader et al. Mozambican grass seed consumption during the Middle Stone Age. Science, December 18, 2009.

  2. 2.

    See, “Middle Stone Age Technologies in Mozambique: A Preliminary Study of the Niassa and Massingir Regions,” in Journal of African Archaeology, Brill, Authors: Nuno Bicho, João Cascalheira, Jonathan Haws and Célia Gonçalves, Online Publication Date: Aug 2018, Volume 16: Issue 1, DOI:,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  3. 3.

    See “Timeline: Human Evolution,” by John Pickrell, New Scientist, September 4, 2006, Accessed March 24th, 2019.

  4. 4.

    See A Window On Eternity – A Biologist’s Walk Through Gorongosa National Park, by E. O. Wilson, Photographs by Piotr Naskrecki, Simon & Schuster, New York, N.Y., 2014, p. 6.

  5. 5.

    “Devastated by war, this African park’s wildlife is now thriving,” by David Quammen, National Geographic, December 13, 2018.

  6. 6.

    See “Mozambique’s Economic Outlook – Governance challenges holding back economic potential,” by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, December 2016,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  7. 7.

    ibid., Deloitte.

  8. 8.

    See, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  9. 9.


  10. 10.

    See “Floods And Droughts In Mozambique – The Paradoxical Need Of Strategies For Mitigation And Coping With Uncertainty,” by A. I. Mondlane, DOI: 10.2495/RISK040321, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Volume 77, 2004, WIT Press,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  11. 11.

    See “The Role of Equality in Negotiation and Sustainable Peace,” by Cecilia Albin and Daniel Druckman, Chapter 7, pp. 131–152, in Psychological Components of Sustainable Peace, edited by Peter T. Coleman and Morton Deutsch, Springer New York, 2012.

  12. 12.

    See “Geoecological Analysis directed to the Environmental Management and Planning of Sofala province – Mozambique,” by Júlio Acácio António Pacheco, Federal University of Ceara, Graduate Program in Development and Environment, 2014, Open Access, BDTD,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  13. 13.

    See “Cyclone Idai: How prepared was southern Africa?” BBC News, by Jack Goodman and Christopher Giles, March 24, 2019,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  14. 14.

    See “Death toll from central Mali massacre up to 134, says UN,”, by Baba Ahmed and Krista Mahr, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  15. 15.

    See World Bank data,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  16. 16.

    See, Accessed March 28, 2019.

  17. 17.

    See Two Treatises of Government (or Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, The False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown. The Latter Is an Essay Concerning The True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government, Published in London, 1689 by the Whig radical, friend and eventual co-trustee of Locke’s estate, Awnsham Churchill.

  18. 18.,of%20biodiversity%20and%20ecosystem%20services, Accessed June 6, 2020; See also, See “The Rapid Decline Of The Natural World Is A Crisis Even Bigger Than Climate Change,” by John Vidal, Huffpost, March 16, 2019.

  19. 19.

    See “Mozambique plans to turn old ammo depot into nature reserve,” by Christopher Torchia, October 12, 2015, Business Insider,, Accessed March 24, 2019.

  20. 20.

    See The Birds of Inhaca Island, Mozambique, by W.F. de Boer and C.M.Bento, BLAS Guide #22, BirdLife South Africa and Avian Demography Unit, 1999, p. 51; See also Clancey’s The Rare Birds Of Southern Africa, Written and Illustrated by Dr. P.A.Clancy, Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1985; and Birds of East Africa, by V. G. L. van Someren, A.C.Allyn, Allyn Museum of Entomology, Sarasota, Fl., 1973.

  21. 21.

    See William Macnae and Margaret Kalk, eds., A Natural History of Inhaca Island, Mocambique, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Tobias, M.C., Morrison, J.G. (2021). The Echoes of Malhazine. In: On the Nature of Ecological Paradox. Springer, Cham.

Download citation