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The Evolution of Innocence and Strategy

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Ethics in the human context does not easily admit to innocence and is naturally frustrated by the physics of incrementality. Rather, it literally gravitates toward strategy. Evolution is instructive in this matter. Our dispositions are ecological to the core, no matter what we say or do. They function according to the logic of honeycombs, the language of the dance, a proboscis and energy balance, the discrimination of odors, and the so-called “constancy” in flowering plants.


  • Clarence Glacken
  • John Dewey
  • Pollination
  • Great Oxidation Event

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Fig. 15.1


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Tobias, M.C., Morrison, J.G. (2021). The Evolution of Innocence and Strategy. In: On the Nature of Ecological Paradox. Springer, Cham.

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