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Abortion pp 73–90Cite as

Abortion from the Perspective of the Russian and Greek Orthodox Churches

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Abstract

The chapter presents the views of the Eastern Orthodox Christian Church on abortion. The Russian and Greek Orthodox Churches (the Church of Greece and the Church of Cyprus) have been closely related down the ages and share the same position on this issue. The religious tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Christian Church and its fundamental canons are described in this chapter. A brief history is also presented on the development of the views on abortion (conservative and liberal) and the position of the Orthodox Christian Church, Russian and Greek, on the artificial termination of pregnancy with a focus on the ethical and legal discourse.

The position of the Russian Orthodox Church on the issue was expressed in the Basis of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church of 2000. The document provides a detailed opinion on such issues as: family planning; the use of contraceptives; assisted reproductive technologies; requests for abortion by sexual assault survivors; minors; and those not wanting the pregnancy. In Greece, however, the Bioethics Commission of the Greek Orthodox Church, which was founded in 1993 by the Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the Orthodoxy, addresses bioethical issues such as human reproduction and abortion.

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Mikirtichan, G., Filimonov, S., Ochkur, O., Jarman, O. (2021). Abortion from the Perspective of the Russian and Greek Orthodox Churches. In: Bagheri, A. (eds) Abortion. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63023-2_7

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