Skip to main content

Analysing the Quality of Territorial Policies in Europe’s Periphery: The Theoretical and Methodological Framework

  • 30 Accesses

Part of the Urban and Landscape Perspectives book series (URBANLAND,volume 22)

Abstract

This chapter aims to develop the theoretical and methodological framework of the research. In the theoretical section of the chapter, we clarify the explanatory objectives of the study. First, we explain the nature of public policies and how they can be analysed. Second, we introduce the institutionalisation of the governance system as an independent variable that can provide descriptive and prescriptive explanations of the quality of territorial policies from both politics- and policy-oriented perspectives. We then present a unified policy-oriented theoretical framework, explaining the analytical dimensions of both the above-mentioned variables and the relationship between them. In the methodological section of the chapter, we first address the selection of the island of Sardinia as the territorial context of the research. Second, we present the multiple-case research design of the research and explain why urban regeneration and environmental protection were chosen as the policy areas to be addressed in the study. Finally, we discuss the choice of semi-structured interviews as the qualitative method of analysis to empirically test the research hypothesis.

Keywords

  • Quality of public policies
  • Institutionalisation
  • Sardinia

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-62647-1_2
  • Chapter length: 23 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-62647-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 2.1

Notes

  1. 1.

    According to Aristotle, the constitution (πολιτεία) concerns the magistrates (αρχαία), the way they are assigned, the assignment of sovereignty (τὸ κύριον) and the determination of the purpose of each association (κοινωνία). It is separate from the laws (νόμοις) laying down the rules under which the judges exercise their power (ἀρχειν) and punish offenders.

  2. 2.

    In this context, Hjern and Hull (1982) speak of methodological constitutionalism or conventional wisdom. This has led individuals in the fields of political science and public administration to often interpret regulatory architecture and constitutional powers not only as a prescriptive element of the expected social order but also (mostly) as a descriptive tool of interactions between democratic institutions.

  3. 3.

    Monocentric policy-making concepts, like those of party government (Rose 1974; Castles and Wildenmann 1986; Blondel and Cotta 1996, 2000) and bureaucratic government (Page 1985; Peters 1981), were developed based on this mainstream theory.

  4. 4.

    In the governance model, collective decisions result from negotiations and interactions between decentralised agreements among public institutions at different levels and the actual powers that control coalition, financial, professional, informational and symbolic resources. Private organisations and public authorities are connected by continuous negotiation processes that redefine the authority derived from voting, resulting in a variable balance between unilateral command acts and multilateral voluntary agreements. There is an extensive literature on the concept of governance, ranging from political science to public administration to organisational sociology. However, the purpose of our work is not to shed light on the different analytical dimensions underlying the use of this concept in the social sciences. For a general discussion of the field, see the work of Kooiman (1993), Rhodes (1996, 1997), Pierre (2000) and Peters and Savoie (2001).

  5. 5.

    See the seminal studies of Granovetter (1985) and Powell and Di Maggio (1991).

  6. 6.

    Learning has been analysed in the fields of social and political science from different perspectives. For some of the most significant contributions from these perspectives, see the work of Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith (1993), Hall (1993) and Huber (1991).

  7. 7.

    See De Bruijn (2002); Ingraham, Joyce and Donahue (2003); and Foweraker and Landman (2002).

  8. 8.

    See Yanow (1996; 2000) and Dryzek and Berejikian (1993).

References

  • Acciaro M (2008) The role of ports in the development of Mediterranean islands: the case of Sardinia. Int J Transp Econ 35(3):295–323

    Google Scholar 

  • Annoni P, Dijkstra L (2013) 2nd EU report on regional competitiveness. European Commission Joint Research Centre, Luxembourg, http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

  • Barca F (2001) New trends and policy shift in the Italian Mezzogiorno. Daedalus 130(2):93–113

    Google Scholar 

  • Ben-Dor G (1975) Institutionalisation and political development: a conceptual and theoretical analysis. Comp Stud Soc Hist 17(3):309–325

    Google Scholar 

  • Bennett C, Howlett M (1992) The lessons of learning: reconciling theories of policy learning and policy change. Policy Sci 25(3):275–294

    Google Scholar 

  • Blondel J, Cotta M (eds) (1996) Party and government. Macmillan, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Blondel J, Cotta M (eds) (2000) The nature of party government. Palgrave, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Bottazzi G, Puggioni G, Zedda M (2006) Dinamiche e tendenze dello spopolamento in Sardegna. Centro Regionale di Programmazione-Regione Autonoma della Sardegna (CRP), Cagliari

    Google Scholar 

  • Calaresu M, De Micheli C, Tebaldi M (2018) Institutionalization of the governance system and the quality of public policies. A case study on public transit and local transportation. Riv Ital Politiche Pubbliche 13(1):91–126

    Google Scholar 

  • Castles FG, Wildenmann R (eds) (1986) The future of party government. 1: visions and realities of party government. De Gruyter, Berlin/New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen WM, Levinthal DA (1990) Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation. Adm Sci Q 35(1):128–152

    Google Scholar 

  • CreNos (2014) Economia della Sardegna, XIV Rapporto 2007. CUEC, Cagliari

    Google Scholar 

  • De Bruijn H (2002) Performance Management in the Public Sector. Routledge, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Dryzek JS, Berejikian J (1993) Reconstructive democratic theory. Am Polit Sci Rev 87(1):48–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckstein H (1971) The evaluation of political performance. Sage, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckstein H (1975) Case studies and theory in political science. In: Greenstein FI, Polsby NW (eds) Handbook of political science. Vol. 7. Political science: scope and theory. Addison Wesley, Reading, pp 94–137

    Google Scholar 

  • ESPON (2013) Programme for the development of the islands – European islands and cohesion policy (EUROISLANDS), ESPON & University of the Aegean, https://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/TargetedAnalyses/EUROISLANDS/FinalReport_foreword_CU-16-11-2011.pdf

  • EURISLES (1999) The island regions and the price of intra-EU transport of goods, https://europeansmallislands.com/tag/eurisles/

  • EURISLES (2003) Islands transport and the EU, the situation in 2003. CPMR Islands Commission, https://europeansmallislands.com/tag/eurisles/

  • Eurostat (2011) Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS), https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-RA-11-011

  • Feick J (1992) Comparing comparative policy studies: a path towards integration? J Publ Policy 12(3):257–286

    Google Scholar 

  • Fischer F (2000) Citizens, experts and the environment: the politics of local knowledge. Duke University Press, Durham

    Google Scholar 

  • Foweraker J, Landman T (2002) Constitutional design and democratic performance. Democratization 9(2):43–66

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerring J (2004) What is a case study and what is good for? Am Polit Sci Rev 98(2):341–354

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerring J (2007) Case study research: principles and practices. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Goode WJ, Hatt PK (1952) Methods in social research. McGraw-Hill, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Granovetter M (1985) Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness. Am J Sociol 91(3):481–510

    Google Scholar 

  • Grindle MS (2004) Good enough governance: poverty reduction and reform in developing countries. Governance 17(4):525–548

    Google Scholar 

  • Gualini E (2018) Planning and the intelligence of institutions: interactive approaches to territorial policy-making between institutional design and institution-building. Routledge, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Hall PA (1993) Policy paradigms, social learning and the state: the case of economic policy-making in Britain. Comp Polit 25(3):275–296

    Google Scholar 

  • Hjern B, Hull C (1982) Implementation research as empirical constitutionalism. Eur J Polit Res 10(2):105–115

    Google Scholar 

  • Hospers G (2003) Localization in Europe’s periphery: tourism development in Sardinia. Eur Plan Stud 11(6):629–645

    Google Scholar 

  • Howlett M, Ramesh M (1995) Studying public policy: policy cycles and policy subsystems. Oxford University Press, Toronto

    Google Scholar 

  • Huber GP (1991) Organization learning: the contributing processes and the literatures. Organ Sci 2(1):88–115

    Google Scholar 

  • Hult KM, Walcott C (1990) Governing public organizations: politics, structures and institutional design. Brooks/Cole, Pacific Grove

    Google Scholar 

  • Huntington SP (1968) Political order in changing societies. Yale University Press, New Haven/London

    Google Scholar 

  • Ingraham PW, Joyce PG, Donahue AK (2003) Government performance: why management matters. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore

    Google Scholar 

  • ISTAT (2012) Censimento nazionale. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, Roma, www.istat.it

    Google Scholar 

  • ISTAT (2014) Italia in cifre. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, Roma, www.istat.it

    Google Scholar 

  • Jackman RW (1993) Power without force: the political capacity of nation-states. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor

    Google Scholar 

  • Kooiman J (ed) (1993) Modern governance. New government-society interactions. Sage, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Koppenjan J, Klijn EH (2004) Managing uncertainty in networks: public private controversies. Routledge, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Lawrence DH (1921) Sea and Sardinia. Thomas Seltzer, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Leeuw FL, Rist RC, Sonnischen R (eds) (1994) Can governments learn? Comparative perspectives on evaluation and organizational learning. Transaction Books, New Brunswick

    Google Scholar 

  • Leonardi R (1995) Regional development in Italy: social capital and the Mezzogiorno. Oxf Rev Econ Policy 11(2):165–179

    Google Scholar 

  • Lindblom CE (1990) Inquiry and change: the troubled attempt to understand and shape society. Yale University Press, New Haven

    Google Scholar 

  • Lindblom CE, Cohen DK (1979) Usable knowledge. Social science and social problem solving. Yale University Press, New Haven

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez-Acevedo G, Krause P, Mackay K (eds) (2012) Building better policies. The nuts and bolts of monitoring and evaluation systems. The World Bank, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Lynn L, Heinrich C, Hill C (2001) Improving governance: a new logic for empirical research. Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Mathur N, Skelcher C (2004) The democratic performance of network governance: conceptual and methodological issues. International Conference on Democratic Network Governance, Copenhagen

    Google Scholar 

  • Matland RE (1995) Synthesizing the implementation literature: the ambiguity-conflict model of policy implementation. J Public Adm Res Theory 5(2):145–174

    Google Scholar 

  • Moyser G (2006) Élite selection. In: Jupp V (ed) The sage dictionary of social research methods. Sage, London, pp 87–88

    Google Scholar 

  • Page E (1985) Political authority and bureaucratic power. Wheatsheaf, Brighton

    Google Scholar 

  • Peters BG (1981) The problem of bureaucratic government. J Polit 43(1):56–82

    Google Scholar 

  • Peters BG, Savoie DJ (eds) (2001) Governance in the twenty-first century: revitalizing the public service. McGill-Queens University Press, Montreal

    Google Scholar 

  • Pierre J (ed) (2000) Debating governance. Oxford University Press, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  • Pierson P (2004) Politics in time: history, institutions and social analysis. Princeton University Press, Princeton

    Google Scholar 

  • Plattner MF (2005) A skeptical perspective. In: Diamond L, Morlino L (eds) Assessing the quality of democracy. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp 77–81

    Google Scholar 

  • Polsby N (1968) The institutionalization of the U.S. house of representatives. Am Polit Sci Rev 62(1):144–168

    Google Scholar 

  • Powell WW, Di Maggio PJ (eds) (1991) The new institutionalism in organizational analysis. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

    Google Scholar 

  • Przeworski A (1995) Sustainable democracy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Rhodes RAW (1996) The new governance: governing without government. Polit Stud 44(4):652–667

    Google Scholar 

  • Rhodes RAW (1997) Understanding governance: policy networks, governance, reflexivity and accountability. Open University Press, Buckingham

    Google Scholar 

  • Rodríguez-Pose A (1998) Dynamics of regional growth in Europe: social and political factors. Clarendon Press, Oxford/New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Rodríguez-Pose A (1999) Innovation prone and innovation adverse societies: economic performance in Europe. Growth Chang 30(1):75–105

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose R (1974) The problem of party government. Macmillan, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose R (1991) What is lesson-drawing? J Publ Policy 11(1):3–30

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose R (1993) Lesson-drawing in public policy: a guide to learning across time and space. Chatham House, Chatham

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenau P (ed) (2000) Public-private policy partnership. The MIT Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Sabatier PA, Jenkins-Smith HC (eds) (1993) Policy change and learning: an advocacy coalition approach. Westview Press, Boulder

    Google Scholar 

  • Scartascini C, Tommasi M (2012) The making of policy: institutionalized or not? Am J Polit Sci 56(4):787–801

    Google Scholar 

  • Scartascini C, Stein E, Tommasi M (2013) Political institutions, intertemporal cooperation, and the quality of public policies. J Appl Econ 16(1):1–32

    Google Scholar 

  • Scharpf FW (1989) Decision rules, decision styles and policy choices. J Theor Polit 1(2):149–176

    Google Scholar 

  • Schumpeter JA (1943) Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Allen and Unwin, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott RW (1995) Institutions and organizations. Sage, Thousand Oaks

    Google Scholar 

  • Seawright J, Gerring J (2008) Case selection techniques in case study research: a menu of qualitative and quantitative options. Polit Res Q 61(2):294–308

    Google Scholar 

  • Tebaldi M, Calaresu M (2009) Valutare la democrazia: introduzione all’analisi della qualità democratica. Aracne, Roma

    Google Scholar 

  • Tebaldi M, Calaresu M (2015) ‘Democra-city’: bringing the city back into democratic theory for the 21st century? City Terr Archit 2(1):13

    Google Scholar 

  • Tebaldi M, Calaresu M (2016) The pursuit of quality: assessing democracies…to save democracy? Open Journal of Political Science 6(1):1–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Thelen K (2003) How institutions evolve: insights from comparative historical analysis. In: Mahoney J, Rueschemeyer D (eds) Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 206–240

    Google Scholar 

  • Tommasi M, Scartascini C (2012) How (not) to produce effective policies: institutions and policymaking in Latin America. In: Santiso J, Dayton-Johnson J (eds) The Oxford handbook of Latin America political economy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 263–284

    Google Scholar 

  • Yanow D (1996) How does a policy mean? Interpreting policy and organizational actions. Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Tebaldi, M., Calaresu, M. (2021). Analysing the Quality of Territorial Policies in Europe’s Periphery: The Theoretical and Methodological Framework. In: The Quality of Territorial Policies in Europe’s Periphery. Urban and Landscape Perspectives, vol 22. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62647-1_2

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62647-1_2

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-62646-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-62647-1

  • eBook Packages: HistoryHistory (R0)