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A New Effective and Efficient Measure for Outlying Aspect Mining

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Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2020 (WISE 2020)

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Outlying Aspect Mining (OAM) aims to find the subspaces (a.k.a. aspects) in which a given query is an outlier with respect to a given data set. Existing OAM algorithms use traditional distance/density-based outlier scores to rank subspaces. Because these distance/density-based scores depend on the dimensionality of subspaces, they cannot be compared directly between subspaces of different dimensionality. Z-score normalisation has been used to make them comparable. It requires to compute outlier scores of all instances in each subspace. This adds significant computational overhead on top of already expensive density estimation—making OAM algorithms infeasible to run in large and/or high-dimensional datasets. We also discover that Z-score normalisation is inappropriate for OAM in some cases. In this paper, we introduce a new score called Simple Isolation score using Nearest Neighbor Ensemble (SiNNE), which is independent of the dimensionality of subspaces. This enables the scores in subspaces with different dimensionalities to be compared directly without any additional normalisation. Our experimental results revealed that SiNNE produces better or at least the same results as existing scores; and it significantly improves the runtime of an existing OAM algorithm based on beam search.

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    The synthetic data set is downloaded from

  2. 2.

  3. 3.

    We reported results of 10 queries only out of 19 because of the page limit.

  4. 4.

    We used the implementation of LOF available in Weka [6] and parameter k = 50.

  5. 5.

    We present the results of the top ranked query only because of the page limit.


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This work is supported by Federation University Research Priority Area (RPA) scholarship, awarded to Durgesh Samariya.

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Correspondence to Durgesh Samariya .

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Samariya, D., Aryal, S., Ting, K.M., Ma, J. (2020). A New Effective and Efficient Measure for Outlying Aspect Mining. In: Huang, Z., Beek, W., Wang, H., Zhou, R., Zhang, Y. (eds) Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2020. WISE 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12343. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-62007-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-62008-0

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