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Bioconversion of Food Waste into Bioplastics

Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


Food waste is defined as a significant loss in natural resources, such as losses in land, water, energy, and labor. World government agencies have declared that Brazil significantly contributes to food waste. The main causes of food waste are a lack of qualification and preparation for the harvest, inadequate producer knowledge, improper transport and storage conditions, climate changes, improperly installed supply centers, and consumer’s waste. Food waste can be minimized by valorization of these residues through value-added products. For example, the waste of these resources can be reduced through their bioconversion into bioplastics. Thus, several processes used to transform food waste, e.g., soybeans residues, rice and cassava husks (starch), natural fibers (cellulose), and shrimp husks (chitin/chitosan) into biodegradable plastics are presented, which focus on various technologies, different compositions, physicochemical and biological properties, and thermal and mechanical behaviors from the biofilms produced, and their potential applications. The use of these feedstocks for bioplastic generation is currently a challenge for food waste valorization by these companies, and it can provide modern society with an ecofriendly, sustainable, and renewable biomaterial.


  • Applications
  • Composition
  • Feedstocks
  • Packaging
  • Properties
  • Structures

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-61837-7_17
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Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Source Adapted from Casadidio et al. (2019) and Yang et al. (2019)

Fig. 3

Source Adapted from Tsang et al. (2019)

Fig. 4

Source Adapted from Tsang et al. (2019)

Fig. 5


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The authors thankfully acknowledge Foundation for Research Support, Scientific and Technological Development of Maranhão—FAPEMA (01190/18, 01403/18, 00946/19, and 00957/19) and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development—CNPq (426162/2018-8) for the financial support. They also thank the Ceuma University and Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA) for technical and professional support.

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Correspondence to Glauber Cruz .

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Santana, A.A., Júnior, C.A.R.B., da Silva, D.F., Jacinto, G.S.S., Gomes, W.C., Cruz, G. (2021). Bioconversion of Food Waste into Bioplastics. In: Inamuddin, Khan, A. (eds) Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products. Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation. Springer, Cham.

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