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Effects of Cannabis Consumption on Sleep

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB,volume 1297)

Abstract

Despite the fact that medical properties of Cannabis have been recognized for more than 5000 years, the use of Cannabis for medical purposes have recently reemerged and became more accessible. Cannabis is usually employed as a self-medication for the treatment of insomnia disorder. However, the effects of Cannabis on sleep depend on multiple factors such as metabolomic composition of the plant, dosage and route of administration. In the present chapter, we reviewed the main effect Cannabis on sleep. We focused on the effect of “crude or whole plant” Cannabis consumption (i.e., smoked, oral or vaporized) both in humans and experimental animal models.

The data reviewed establish that Cannabis modifies sleep. Furthermore, a recent experimental study in animals suggests that vaporization (which is a recommended route for medical purposes) of Cannabis with high THC and negligible CBD, promotes NREM sleep. However, it is imperative to perform new clinical studies in order to confirm if the administration of Cannabis could be a beneficial therapy for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Keywords

  • Marijuana
  • REM
  • NREM
  • Wakefulness
  • EEG

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-61663-2_11
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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the following Uruguayan agencies: “Grupo Interdisciplinario para el Estudio del Cannabis-Universidad de la República”, “Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación” (ANII), “Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica” (CSIC, I+D-2016-589), and “Programa de Desarrollo de Ciencias Básicas” (PEDECIBA).

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Correspondence to Atilio Falconi .

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Mondino, A., Cavelli, M., González, J., Murillo-Rodriguez, E., Torterolo, P., Falconi, A. (2021). Effects of Cannabis Consumption on Sleep. In: Monti, J.M., Pandi-Perumal, S.R., Murillo-Rodríguez, E. (eds) Cannabinoids and Sleep. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 1297. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-61663-2_11

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