Atkinson, Michael M. and David C. Docherty. 1992. Moving Right Along: The Roots of Amateurism in the Canadian House of Commons. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue Canadienne De Science Politique 25(2): 295–318.
Bakker, Ryan, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Anna Vachudova. 2015. Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999‒2010. Party Politics 21(1): 143‒152.
Bickerton, Christopher J., Dermot Hodson, and Uwe Puetter (eds.). 2015. The New Intergovernmentalism: States and Supranational Actors in the Post-Maastricht Era. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., and Christopher J. W. Zorn. 2001. Duration Models and Proportional Hazards in Political Science. American Journal of Political Science 45 (4): 972–988.
Chalmers, Adam William. 2014. In Over Their Heads: Public Consultation, Administrative Capacity and Legislative Duration in the European Union. European Union Politics 15(4): 595–613.
Crombez, Christophe and Simon Hix. 2014. Legislative Activity and Gridlock in the European Union. British Journal of Political Science 45(3): 477–498.
Curtin, Deirdre, and Albert Jacob Meijer. 2006. Does Transparency Strengthen Legitimacy? Information Polity 11(2): 109–122.
Dahl, Robert. 1994. A Democratic Dilemma: System Effectiveness versus Citizen Participation. Political Science Quarterly 109(1): 23–34.
Daniel, William T. and Shawna K. Metzger. 2018. Within or between Jobs? Determinants of Membership Volatility in the European Parliament, 1979–2014. The Journal of Legislative Studies 24(1): 90–108.
Francis, Wayne L. and John R. Baker. 1986. Why do US State Legislators Vacate their Seats? Legislative Studies Quarterly 11(1): 119–126.
Golub, Jonathan. 2008. The Study of Decision-Making Speed in the European Union: Methods, Data and Theory. European Union Politics 9(1): 167–179.
Golub, Jonathan. 2007. Survival Analysis and European Union Decision-Making. European Union Politics 8(2): 155–179.
Golub, Jonathan. 1999. In the Shadow of the Vote? Decision Making in the European Community. International Organization 53(4): 733–764.
Golub, Jonathan and Bernard Steunenberg. 2007. How Time Affects EU Decision-Making. European Union Politics 8(4): 555–566.
Häge, Frank M. 2012. The Duration of Multilateral Negotiations in the Council of the European Union, Unpublished manuscript available at https://www.cergu.gu.se/infoglueCalendar/digitalAssets/1776176368_BifogadFil_FMHaege%202012%20Duration%20of%20Multilateral%20Negotiations%20110817.pdf. Accessed July 17, 2020.
Häge, Frank M. 2011. The European Union Policy-Making Dataset. European Union Politics 12 (3): 455–477.
Hagemann, Sara, and Fabio Franchino. 2016. Transparency vs. Efficiency? A Study of Negotiations in the Council of the European Union. European Union Politics 17(3): 408–428.
Hertz, Robin and Leuffen, Dirk. 2011. Too Big to Run? Analysing the Impact of Enlargement on the Speed of EU Decision-making. European Union Politics 12(2): 193–215.
Hyneman, Charles S. 1938. Tenure and Turnover of Legislative Personnel. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 195(1): 21–31.
Junge, Dirk, Thomas König, and Bernd Luig. 2015. Legislative Gridlock and Bureaucratic Politics in the European Union. British Journal of Political Science 45(4): 777–797.
Klüver, Heike and Iñaki Sagarzazu. 2013. Ideological Congruency and Decision-making Speed: The Effect of Partisanship across European Union Institutions. European Union Politics 14(3): 388–407.
König, Thomas. 2008. Analysing the Process of EU Legislative Decision-Making: To Make a Long Story Short . . . European Union Politics 9(1): 145–165.
König, Thomas. 2007. Divergence or Convergence? From Ever-growing to Ever-slowing European Legislative Decision Making. European Journal of Political Research 46(3): 417–444.
König, Thomas and Bernd Luig. 2012. Party Ideology and Legislative Agendas: Estimating Contextual Policy Positions for the Study of EU Decision-Making. European Union Politics 13(4): 604–625.
Leino, Päivi. 2017. Secrecy, Efficiency, Transparency in EU Negotiations: Conflicting Paradigms? Politics and Governance 5(3): 6–15.
Naurin, Daniel. 2017. The Puzzle of Transparency Reforms in the Council of the EU. Politics and Governance 5(3): 87–90.
Novak, Stéphanie and Maarten Hillebrandt. 2020. Analysing the Trade-off between Transparency and Efficiency in the Council of the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy 27(1): 141–159.
Perez, Lauren K. and John A. Scherpereel. 2017a. Vertical Intra-institutional Effects of Ministerial Turnover in the Council of the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy 24(8): 1154–1171.
Polk, Jonathan, Jan Rovny, Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Anna Vachudova and Marko Zilovic. 2017. Explaining the Salience of Anti-elitism and Reducing Political Corruption for Political Parties in Europe with the 2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey Data. Research & Politics (January–March): 1–9.
Puetter, Uwe. 2014. The European Council and the Council: New Intergovernmentalism and Institutional Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rasmussen, Anne and Dimiter Toshkov. 2013. The Effect of Stakeholder Involvement on Legislative Duration: Consultation of External Actors and Legislative Duration in the European Union. European Union Politics 14(3): 366–387.
Rasmussen, Anne and Dimiter Toshkov. 2011. The Inter-institutional Division of Power and Time Allocation in the European Parliament. West European Politics 34(1): 71–96.
Reh, Christine, Edoardo Bressanelli, and Christel Koop. 2020. Responsive Withdrawal? The Politics of EU Agenda-setting. Journal of European Public Policy 27(3): 419–438.
Rosenthal, Alan. 1992. The Effects of Term Limits on Legislatures: A Comment. In Gerald Benjamin and Michael J. Malbin (eds.), Limiting Legislative Terms. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 205–208.
Scherpereel, John A. and Lauren K. Perez. 2015. Turnover in the Council of the European Union: What It Is and Why It Matters. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 53(3): 658–673.
Scherpereel, John A., Lauren K. Perez, and Rachel Young. 2018. How Permanent are the Permanent Representatives? The Effects of Personnel Turnover in the Committee of Permanent Representatives. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the European Consortium for Political Research’s Standing Group on the European Union, Paris.
Schulz, Heiner and Thomas König. 2000. Institutional Reform and Decision-Making Efficiency in the European Union. American Journal of Political Science 44(4): 653–666.
Sloot, Thomas and Piet Verschuren. 1990. Decision-making Speed in the European Community. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 29(1): 75–85.
Sonntag, Lars. 2020. Politica, 2020. Available at http://www.kolumbus.fi/taglarsson/. Accessed June 25, 2020.
Stasavage, David. 2006. Does Transparency Make a Difference? The Example of the European Council of Ministers. In Christopher Hood and David Heald (eds.), Transparency: The Key to Better Governance? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 165–179.
Tsebelis, George and Xenophon Yataganas. 2002. Veto Players and Decision-making in the EU after Nice. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 40(2): 283–307.
Van Schagen, Jan. 1997. The Principle of Discontinuity and the Efficiency of the Legislative Process. Journal of Legislative Studies 3(4): 115–125.
Wonka, Arndt. 2015. The European Commission. In Jeremy Richardson and Sonia Mazey (eds.), European Union: Power and Policy-making 4 ed. London: Routledge, 83–105.